struggle for life and the sublime; (ii) the darkness of colonial expansion for resources; and finally (iii) thedarkness, represented by inhumanity and evil, to whichindividual human beings are capable of descending, whensupreme and unaccounted force is vested, rationalized bya warped world view that parades itself as pragmatic andinevitable, in each individual level of command. Setagainst the backdrop of resource rich darkness of theAfrican tropical forests, the brutal ivory trade sought to beexpanded by the imperialist-capitalist expansionary policyof European powers, Joseph Conrad describes the grisly,and the macabre states of mind and justificationsadvanced by men, who secure and wield force withoutreason, sans humanity, and any sense of balance. Themain perpetrator in the novella, Kurtz, breathes his lastwith the words: “The horror! The horror!”
Conradcharacterized the actual circumstances in Congo between1890 and 1910, based on his personal experiences there,as “the vilest scramble for loot that ever disfigured thehistory of human conscience.
As we heard more and more about the situation inChattisgarh, and the justifications being sought to bepressed upon us by the respondents, it began to becomeclear to us that the respondents were envisioning modes
Joseph Conrad – Heart of Darkness and Selected Short Fiction (Barnes and Noble Classics, 2003).
Joseph Conrad“Geography and Some Explorers”, National Geography magazine, Vol 45, 1924.