GUTTMACHER INSTITUTE FEBRUARY 1, 2013
Alabama 20 weeks postfertilization
X POSTVIABILITY POSTVIABILITY
POSTVIABILITYArkansas X X XCalifornia X XConnecticut X XDelaware X X
Florida 24 weeks LMP X XGeorgia X
Hawaii X XIdaho 20 weeks postfertilization X POSTVIABILITYIllinois X X XIndiana 20 weeks postfertilization X XIowa 3rd trimester LMP
XKansas 22 weeks LMP X POSTVIABILITYKentucky X XLouisiana 20 weeks postfertilization X POSTVIABILITYMaine X XMaryland X XMassachusetts 24 weeks LMP XMichigan X XMinnesota X X XMissouri X X XMontana X X
X Nebraska 20 weeks postfertilization X Nevada 24 weeks postfertilization X New York 24 weeks LMP X X North Carolina 20 weeks LMP X North Dakota X X X XOhio X X X XOklahoma 20 weeks postfertilization X POSTVIABILITYPennsylvania 24 weeks LMP
X XRhode Island 24 weeks LMP XSouth Carolina 3rd trimester postfertilization
X XSouth Dakota 24 weeks LMP XTennessee X XTexas 3rd trimester LMP X
Utah X X
Virginia 3rd trimester LMP X XWashington X XWisconsin X XWyoming X X
TOTAL 22 19 29 9 3 13 10
LMP- Calculates the beginning of pregnancy from the woman’s last menstrual period. States that do not explicitly enumerate the manner in which gestational age should be determined are labeled as ‘LMP’ in keeping with standard medical practice.Postfertilization- Calculates the beginning of pregnancy from the date of conception; 20 weeks postfertilization is equivalent to 22 weeks LMP.
Enforcement permanently enjoined by a court order; policy not in effect* Based on the assertion that the fetus can feel pain at 18 or 20 weeks postfertilization.† A law in Arizona (that would ban abortion at 18 weeks postfertilization) is not effect pending the outcome of litigation. A new Georgia law that would ban abortionat 20 weeks postfertilization is only being enforced against postviability abortions. pending the outcome of litigation.‡ Also permitted in case of rape or incest, in Arkansas this exception only applies to minors.
Also permitted in case of fetal abnormality; in Georgia, Louisiana and Utah, the law applies to a lethal abnormality.
The exception permits abortions when the woman suffers from a “substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.”