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12.05 Column Operations

12.05 Column Operations

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Published by Fajri Julisyah

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Fajri Julisyah on Feb 12, 2013
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Column Operations 1
Column Operations
© 2000 AEA Technology plc - All Rights Reserved.Chem 5_4.pdf 
2 Column Operations
In this module, you will simulate an Ethanol Plant. You will get morepractice with the Column unit operation of HYSYS by:
modeling columns with side drawsadding a column with real trays.
Typically an ethanol fermentation process produces mainly ethanolplus several by-products in small quantities: methanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, 1-butanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-pentanol, acetic acid, andCO
.The CO
produced in the fermentation vessel carries some ethanol.This CO
stream is washed with water in a vessel (
CO2 Wash
) to recoverthe ethanol, which is recycled to the fermenter.The ethanol rich product stream from the fermenter is sent to aconcentration (
) tower. An absorber with a side vapour draw canbe used to represent this tower. This vapour draw is taken from Stage 2so as to have an azeotropic ethanol product with less methanolcontamination. The top vapour is fed to a light purification tower(
) where most of the remaining CO
and some methanol isvented.The feed to the Rectifier (
) is the bottoms product of the Lightspurification tower and the vapour draw from the concentration tower.The Rectifier is operated as a conventional distillation tower.Methanol concentrates towards the top stages, so a small distillatedraw is provided at the condenser. Also, a small vent for CO
is providedat the condenser. Another interesting point is the concentration of heavy alcohols in theinterior of the Rectifier. These alcohols are normally referred to as Fusel
oils. Fusel oils are a mixture of propanols, butanols and pentanols, witha potential value superior to that of ethanol. Accumulation of fusel oilsin the Rectification Tower can cause the formation of a second liquidphase and subsequent deterioration of performance for these trays, sosmall side liquid draws of fusel oils are installed on the rectifier to avoidthis problem.
Column Operations 3
Learning Objectives
Once you have completed this section, you will be able to:
Model a distillation column with side drawsAdd specifications to a columnAdd efficiencies to a column
Before beginning this section, you need to be able to:
Add streams, operations and columns.

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