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marijuana legal, with only 46 percent opposed.Majorities of men, 18-29 year-olds, 30-49 year-olds,liberals, moderates, Independents, Democrats, andvoters in Western, Midwestern and Eastern states nowsupport legalizing marijuana. Other recent polls havefound even higher levels of support.Importantly, recent polls by both Gallup and CBSNews have shown that significant majorities ofAmericans believe that the federal government should
intervene to prevent the implementation ofColorado’s and Washington’s new laws. Evenrespondents who oppose marijuana legalization onprinciple nevertheless believe that the decision ofwhether or not to legally regulate marijuana should beleft to the states to decide.
Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not?
The people of Washington and Colorado have chosento stop wasting resources, fueling violence, anddestroying lives on a failed policy. The impact of theselaws is likely to be tremendous. According to theWashington State Office of Financial Management, thenew law could generate as much at $1.9 billion within5 years. According to the Colorado Center on Lawand Policy, the new law could save state and local lawenforcement millions of dollars and generate as muchas much as $24 million annually. And according to areport by the Mexican Institute for Competiveness,marijuana legalization in Colorado and Washingtoncould reduce profits of criminal organizations in Mexicoby $2 billion or more.
Federal Bureau of Investigation,
Uniform Crime Reports,Crime in the United States: 2011
Substance Abuse and Mental Health ServicesAdministration (SAMHSA), Office of Applied Studies.(2012).
Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National findings
(Substance Abuse and MentalHealth Services Administration.), “Table 1.24B Marijuana Usein Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages,2010 and 2011,” and “Table 1.24A Marijuana Use in Lifetime,Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older,by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands,2010 and 2011.";http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2011SummNatFindDetTables/NSDUH-DetTabsPDFWHTML2011/2k11DetailedTabs/Web/PDFW/NSDUH-DetTabsSect1peTabs24to28-2011.pdf. [107,842,000Americans age 12 or older report having tried marijuana intheir lifetime; 18,071,000 report using it in the past month].
Alaska, California, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, NorthCarolina, Ohio, Oregon and Rhode Island.
California, Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,Nebraska, New York, Oregon and Rhode Island. Alaskaimposes no criminal or civil penalty for the private possessionof small amounts of marijuana by adults.
Nevada, North Carolina, Minnesota, Mississippi, and Ohio.
Marijuana Legalization: What Can be Learned from Other Countries?
RAND Corporation (2010).
Aldrich, M., Mikuriya, T., et al.,
Fiscal Savings In California Marijuana Law Enforcement, 1976 - 1985 Attributable to the Moscone Act of 1976
See, for example, K. Babe Howell, "Broken Lives fromBroken Windows: The Hidden Costs of Aggressive OrderMaintenance Policing,"
NYU Review of Law & Social Change
,33 (2009): 371; Human Rights Watch,
No Second Chance: People with Criminal Records Denied Access to Public Housing
, November 18, 2004,http://www.hrw.org/reports/2004/11/17/no-second-chance;and Michael Pinard, “Collateral Consequences of CriminalConvictions: Confronting Issues of Race and Dignity,” 85
New York University Law Review
Drug Policy Alliance,
$75 Million a Year: The Cost of New York City's Marijuana Possession Arrests
, (March 2011),http://www.drugpolicy.org/docUploads/_75_Million_A_Year.pdf; Harry G. Levine and Deborah Peterson Small,
Marijuana Arrest Crusade: Racial Bias and Police Policy, 1997- 2007
,New York Civil Liberties Union, (2008); Levine, Harry.
New York City’s Marijuana Arrest Crusade Continues
, (2009); andAlice Speri, “2010 Marijuana Arrests Top 1978-96 Total,”
New York Times
(February 11, 2011).
Reuter (2010) 12.
Gettman, Jon, “Marijuana Production in the United States”,
The Bulletin of Cannabis Reform
E. Eduardo Castillo, “Mexico Drug War: List Of MissingRaises Doubts In Mexico,”