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Table Of Contents

Part One Understanding Reliability Parameters and Costs
1The history of reliability andsafety technology
1.1FAILURE DATA
1.2HAZARDOUS FAILURES
1.3RELIABILITY AND RISK PREDICTION
1.4ACHIEVING RELIABILITY AND SAFETY-INTEGRITY
1.5THE RAMS-CYCLE
1.6CONTRACTUAL PRESSURES
2Understanding terms and jargon
2.1DEFINING FAILURE AND FAILURE MODES
2.2FAILURE RATE AND MEAN TIME BETWEEN FAILURES
2.3INTERRELATIONSHIPS OF TERMS
2.4THE BATHTUB DISTRIBUTION
2.5DOWN TIME AND REPAIR TIME
2.6AVAILABILITY, UNAVAILABILITY AND PROBABILITY OF FAILURE ONDEMAND
2.7HAZARD AND RISK-RELATED TERMS
2.8CHOOSING THE APPROPRIATE PARAMETER
EXERCISES
3A cost-effective approach toquality, reliability and safety
3.1RELIABILITY AND COST
3.2COSTS AND SAFETY
3.3THE COST OF QUALITY
Part Two Interpreting Failure Rates
4Realistic failure rates andprediction confidence
4.1DATA ACCURACY
4.2SOURCES OF DATA
4.3DATA RANGES
4.4CONFIDENCE LIMITS OF PREDICTION
4.5OVERALL CONCLUSIONS
5Interpreting data anddemonstrating reliability
5.1THE FOUR CASES
5.2INFERENCE AND CONFIDENCE LEVELS
5.3THE CHI-SQUARE TEST
5.4DOUBLE-SIDED CONFIDENCE LIMITS
5.5SUMMARIZING THE CHI-SQUARE TEST
5.6RELIABILITY DEMONSTRATION
5.7SEQUENTIAL TESTING
5.8SETTING UP DEMONSTRATION TESTS
6Variable failure rates andprobability plotting
6.1THE WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION
6.2USING THE WEIBULL METHOD
6.3MORE COMPLEX CASES OF THE WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION
6.4CONTINUOUS PROCESSES
Part Three Predicting Reliability and Risk
7.4REDUNDANCY RULES
7.5GENERAL FEATURES OF REDUNDANCY
8Methods of modelling
8.1BLOCK DIAGRAMS AND REPAIRABLE SYSTEMS
8.2COMMON CAUSE (DEPENDENT) FAILURE
8.3FAULT TREE ANALYSIS
8.4EVENT TREE DIAGRAMS
9Quantifying the reliability models
9.1THE RELIABILITY PREDICTION METHOD
9.2ALLOWING FOR DIAGNOSTIC INTERVALS
9.3FMEA (FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS)
9.4HUMAN FACTORS
9.5SIMULATION
9.6COMPARING PREDICTIONS WITH TARGETS
10Risk assessment (QRA)
10.1FREQUENCY AND CONSEQUENCE
10.2PERCEPTION OF RISK AND ALARP
10.3HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
10.4FACTORS TO QUANTIFY
Part Four Achieving Reliability andMaintainability
11Design and assurance techniques
11.1SPECIFYING AND ALLOCATING THE REQUIREMENT
11.2STRESS ANALYSIS
11.3ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS PROTECTION
11.4FAILURE MECHANISMS
11.5COMPLEXITY AND PARTS
11.6BURN-IN AND SCREENING
11.7MAINTENANCE STRATEGIES
12Design review and test
12.1REVIEW TECHNIQUES
12.2CATEGORIES OF TESTING
12.3RELIABILITY GROWTH MODELLING
13Field data collection andfeedback
13.1REASONS FOR DATA COLLECTION
13.2INFORMATION AND DIFFICULTIES
13.3TIMES TO FAILURE
13.4SPREADSHEETS AND DATABASES
13.5BEST PRACTICE AND RECOMMENDATIONS
13.6ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION OF RESULTS
14.1KEY DESIGN AREAS
14.2MAINTENANCE STRATEGIES AND HANDBOOKS
15Predicting and demonstrating repair times
15.1PREDICTION METHODS
15.2DEMONSTRATION PLANS
16Quantified reliability centred maintenance
16.1WHAT IS QRCM?
16.2THE QRCM DECISION PROCESS
16.3OPTIMUM REPLACEMENT (DISCARD)
16.4OPTIMUM SPARES
16.5OPTIMUM PROOF TEST
16.6CONDITION MONITORING
17Systematic failures, especially software
17.1PROGRAMMABLE DEVICES
17.2SOFTWARE-RELATED FAILURES
17.3SOFTWARE FAILURE MODELLING
17.4SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE
17.5MODERN/FORMAL METHODS
17.6SOFTWARE CHECKLISTS
Part Five Legal, Management and Safety Considerations
18Project management
18.1SETTING OBJECTIVES AND SPECIFICATIONS
18.2PLANNING, FEASIBILITY AND ALLOCATION
18.3PROGRAMME ACTIVITIES
18.4RESPONSIBILITIES
18.5FUNCTIONAL SAFETY CAPABILITY
18.6STANDARDS AND GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS
19Contract clauses and their pitfalls
19.1ESSENTIAL AREAS
19.2OTHER AREAS
19.3PITFALLS
19.4PENALTIES
19.5SUBCONTRACTED RELIABILITY ASSESSMENTS
19.6EXAMPLES
20Product liability and safety legislation
20.1THE GENERAL SITUATION
20.2STRICT LIABILITY
20.3THE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT 1987
20.4HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ACT 1974
20.5INSURANCE AND PRODUCT RECALL
21Major incident legislation
21.1HISTORY OF MAJOR INCIDENTS
21.2DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR INCIDENT LEGISLATION
21.3CIMAH SAFETY REPORTS
21.4OFFSHORE SAFETY CASES
21.5PROBLEM AREAS
21.6THE COMAH DIRECTIVE (1999)
21.7RAIL
22Integrity of safety-related systems
22.1SAFETY-RELATED OR SAFETY-CRITICAL?
22.2SAFETY-INTEGRITY LEVELS (SILs)
22.3PROGRAMMABLE ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (PESs)
22.4CURRENT GUIDANCE
22.5FRAMEWORK FOR CERTIFICATION
23A case study: The Datamet Project
23.1INTRODUCTION
23.2THE DATAMET CONCEPT
23.3THE CONTRACT
23.4DETAILED DESIGN
23.5SYNDICATE STUDY
23.6HINTS
Appendix 1Glossary
Appendix 2Percentage points of the Chi-square distribution
Appendix 3 Microelectronics failure rates
Appendix 4General failure rates
Appendix 5Failure mode percentages
Appendix 6 Human error rates
Appendix 7Fatality rates
Appendix 8Answers to exercises
Appendix 9Bibliography
Appendix 10Scoring criteria for BETAPLUS common cause model
Appendix 11Example of HAZOP
Appendix 12HAZID checklist
Appendix 13Markov analysis of redundant systems
Index
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David J. Smith - Reliability, Maintainability and Risk - Practical Methods for Engineers (7th Ed.)

David J. Smith - Reliability, Maintainability and Risk - Practical Methods for Engineers (7th Ed.)

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Published by: Youthis Wahyudi on Feb 13, 2013
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