List of Presidents of Afghanistan
This is a list of heads of state of Afghanistan. Afghanistan has only intermittently been a republic - between 1973
1992 and from 2001 onwards - at other times beinggoverned by a variety of kings, emirs and (under the Mujahidin and Taliban regimes in the 1990s) Islamist rulers.The present constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national parliament. These were asubject of considerable controversy when debated by the country's loya Jirga in December 2003. However, they were seen by the interim administration and its Westernbackers as being essential to securing the stability of Afghanistan.The current president Hamid Karzai became the first ever democratically elected head of state in Afghanistan on December 7, 2004. He has begun the process of rebuildinghis nation. The National Assembly is Afghanistan's national legislature. It is a bicameral body, composed of the House of the People and the House of the Elders. Thecurrent legislature was elected on September 18, 2005. The members of the Supreme Court were appointed by the president to form the judiciary. Together, this new systemis to provide a new set of checks and balances that was unheard of in the country. Also, the system is quite new, implementation of which began only 2004, just afterdecades of war between different factions and warlords. The remnants of the warlords are almost non-existent. The United Nations and other governments and organizationsplay a vital role in rebuilding this new democracy's political environment.
Heads of state
(Dates in italics indicate
continuation of office)
17 July 1973
27 April 1978