20 RACE IN CUBA
ply a case o inherited burdens, but rather a problem that our society isstill capable o generating. We must also call attention to the danger thatracism and discrimination could again take root in the macro-conscious-ness o today’s society.The undamental problems that we run up against regarding the sub- ject o race include ignorance about it, continual avoidance o the topic,as well as insucient treatment o the subject. Many people eel that it isnot worth talking about this topic.In
Desafos de la problematica racial en Cuba
which this essay sum-marizes, my aim was to develop a model or studying and researchingthis subject—ullling the need to theorize about it—and examining thescope and orm in which many phenomena o the problem are studied atpresent. In reality, with the exception o some o the investigative works o the Anthropology Center o CITMA [Ministry o Science, Technology,and Environment], which are still unpublished,
we did not nd earlierstudies that are worthy o mention regarding either o those two aims.The vast majority o the Anthropology Center studies are the ruit o praiseworthy research that has gotten caught up in the whirlwind o bureaucracy, ignorance, and ear o publicizing the ndings.
It might have seemed that racism and discrimination had disappearedrom Cuban society. At least that is what many believed. But the eco-nomic crisis at the end o the 1980s and beginning o the 1990s, with itsstrong undercurrent o social crisis, caused racism to resurace with thevirulence that can be expected rom a problem that, having been seen assolved, in act was not. To imagine it had been solved was an example o the worst kind o pure idealism.Racism and racial discrimination was eliminated rom the institu-tional rameworks o the state and the government with the triumph o the Revolution in 1959. But the phenomenon maintained a toehold inthe amily, individual attitudes, and some institutions, and today there isthe danger o its reestablishment in the macro-consciousness o Cubansociety. This could take place through mechanisms that inject prejudiceand negative racial stereotypes into the population, as well as through thedynamics o the relations between the ormal institutions and the inor-mal networks o power.