ISBN 978-1-932326-44-4 CLIR Publication No. 156
Copublished by:andAdditional copies are available for $25 each. Orders must be placed through CLIR’s Web site.
The paper in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standardfor Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials ANSI Z39.48-1984.U.S. Government Work not subject to copyright in the United States
The National Recording Preservation Board
The National Recording Preservation Board was established at the Library of Congress by the National Recording Preservation Act of2000. Among the provisions of the law are a directive to the Board to study and report on the state of sound recording preservation in theUnited States. More information about the National Recording Preservation Board can be found athp://www.loc.gov/rr/record/nrpb/.This project was coordinated by Brenda Nelson-Strauss undercontract with the Library of Congress.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
The Library of Congress National Recording Preservation Plan / sponsored by the National Recording Preservation Board of the
Library of Congress.pages cm. -- (CLIR publication ; No. 156)
“This plan was wrien by Brenda Nelson-Strauss, Alan Gevinson, and Sam Brylawski, under the direction of Patrick Loughney”--Acknowledgments.
Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 978-1-932326-44-4 (alk. paper)1. Sound recordings--Conservation and restoration--United States. 2. Sound recordings--Digitization--United States. 3. Digitalpreservation--United States. 4. Sound recording libraries--United States. 5. Sound archives--United States. 6. Copyright--Soundrecordings--United States. 7. Copyright and digital preservation--United States. 8. Fair use (Copyright)--United States. 9. National
Recording Preservation Board (U.S.) I. Nelson-Strauss, Brenda. II. Brylawski, Samuel. III. Gevinson, Alan. IV. National Recording
Preservation Board (U.S.) Z701.3.S68L53 2013025.8’4--dc23 2012044531
Council on Library and Information Resources1707 L Street NW, Suite 650Washington, DC 20036
The Library of Congress101 Independence Avenue, SEWashington, DC 20540
: All photographs are from the collections of the Library of Congress.(
top row, left to right
) Thomas Edison and his tinfoil phonograph, April 1878, Brady-Handy Photograph Collection, Prints and PhotographsDivision; Rosario Bourdon conducting the Victor Orchestra in an acoustic recording session, ca. 1915-1920, Motion Picture, Broadcasting andRecorded Sound Division; William P. Golieb, photographer, Sarah Vaughan at Café Society (Downtown), New York, ca. September 1946,William P. Golieb Collection, Music Division.
center row, left to right
) Mary Margaret McBride broadcasting with ve of the 1950 “Women of the Year” chosen by women’s editors of U.S.newspapers, (from left) Dorothy Roe (in charge of the poll), Millicent Carey McIntosh (education), Pearl Buck (literature), Gloria Swanson(cinema), Vivian Kellems (business), and Mary Margaret McBride (radio), December 6, 1950, Mary Margaret McBride Collection, MotionPicture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division; President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Prints and Photographs Division; John Vachon,photographer, daughter of FSA (Farm Security Administration) rehabilitation borrower listening to phonograph, Crawford County, Illinois,May 1940, FSA/OWI Collection, Prints and Photographs Division.
boom row, left to right
) An archivist at a U.S. Oce of War Information (OWI) studio in London during World War II shelves an ABSIE(American Broadcasting Station in Europe) 16-inch lacquer-coated instantaneous disc, the standard format for recording radio broadcastsat the time, ca. 1944-1945, OWI Collection, Prints and Photographs Division; Library of Congress Recording Laboratory engineers JeromeWiesner (foreground) and John R. Langenegger (rear) examining grooves of a record while it is being cut on a Scully recording machine(Wiesner became the science advisor to Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, and the president of MIT), ca. 1940, Manuscript Division; EugeneDeAnna, photographer, audio preservation specialist Patrick Smetanick reformaing audio at the Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conser
vation, Library of Congress, October 2012, Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.