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Omeprazole

Omeprazole

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Published by Kat Ponce
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Published by: Kat Ponce on Feb 13, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/14/2014

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DRUG NAMEMODE OFACTIONINDICATIONSADVERSE EFFECTSOF THE DRUGCONTRAINDICATIONS:NURSING CONSIDERATION
Generic:OmeprazoleBrand name:OmepronClassification:Gastric acidpump inhibitor Dosage:20mg tabFrequency:ODRoute: OralSuppressesgastric acidsecretion byspecificinhibition of the hydrogen-potassium ATPaseenzymesystem at thesecretorysurface of thegastric parietalcells; blocksthe final stepof acidproduction.Short-termtreatment of activeduodenal ulcer;First-line therapy intreatment of heartburn or symptoms of gastroesophagealreflux disease(GERD); Short-termtreatment of activebenign gastriculcer; GERD,severe erosiveesophagitis, poorlyresponsivesymptomaticGERD; Long-termtherapy: Treatmentof pathologichypersecretoryconditions(Zollinger-Ellisonsyndrome, multipleadenomas,CNS:
Headache,dizziness,
asthenia,vertigo, insomnia,apathy, anxiety,paresthesias, dreamabnormalitiesDermatologic: Rash,inflammation, urticaria,pruritus, alopecia, dryskinGI:
Diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting,
 constipation, dry mouth,tongue atrophyRespiratory:
URI symptoms,
cough,epistaxisOther: Cancer inpreclinical studies, backpain, fever Contraindicated with
 
hypersensitivity toomeprazole or itscomponents;Use cautiously withpregnancy, lactation.Interventions Administer before meals. Caution patient toswallow capsules whole
not to open, chew,or crush them. Arrange for further evaluation of patient after 8 wk of therapy for gastroreflux disorders;not intended for maintenance therapy.Symptomatic improvement does not rule outgastric cancer, which did occur in preclinicalstudies. Administer antacids with omeprazole, if needed.Teaching pointsTake the drug before meals. Swallow thecapsules whole; do not chew, open, or crushthem. This drug will need to be taken for upto 8 wk (short-term therapy) or for aprolonged period (> 5 yr in some cases).Have regular medical follow-up visits.These side effects may occur: Dizziness

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