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Refugee Livelihoods in Urban Areas: Identifying Program Opportunities Case Study Ecuador

Refugee Livelihoods in Urban Areas: Identifying Program Opportunities Case Study Ecuador

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Refugees in urban areas face a specific set of livelihoods problems, and in recent years many aid agencies have begun to try to address these problems by supporting refugees through vocational training, microcredit and other services. So far, however, there has been little evidence about which humanitarian programs work, and where opportunities for programming interventions lie. This study, funded by the US State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration, addresses this knowledge gap. Through case studies in Cairo, Tel Aviv and Quito, we analyzed the urban livelihoods context for refugees and identified programming opportunities and promising program initiatives. In each city, we sought to generate new ideas from related fields of inquiry, such as low-income urban development and youth employment,that could be adapted for refugees in countries of first asylum.

Our three case studies represent contrasting refugee policy contexts and livelihoods experience, and offer lessons for other host settings. Each case study begins with a review of existing livelihood programs in the country. This includes a mapping of commercial, humanitarian and governmental organizations that provide programming, advocacy or other resources that support the livelihoods of refugees, migrants and low-income citizens. We then interviewed asylum seekers and key informants to deepen our understanding of the livelihoods context in each country. Our main program recommendations, based on all three cases, are included as a stand-alone document.
Refugees in urban areas face a specific set of livelihoods problems, and in recent years many aid agencies have begun to try to address these problems by supporting refugees through vocational training, microcredit and other services. So far, however, there has been little evidence about which humanitarian programs work, and where opportunities for programming interventions lie. This study, funded by the US State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration, addresses this knowledge gap. Through case studies in Cairo, Tel Aviv and Quito, we analyzed the urban livelihoods context for refugees and identified programming opportunities and promising program initiatives. In each city, we sought to generate new ideas from related fields of inquiry, such as low-income urban development and youth employment,that could be adapted for refugees in countries of first asylum.

Our three case studies represent contrasting refugee policy contexts and livelihoods experience, and offer lessons for other host settings. Each case study begins with a review of existing livelihood programs in the country. This includes a mapping of commercial, humanitarian and governmental organizations that provide programming, advocacy or other resources that support the livelihoods of refugees, migrants and low-income citizens. We then interviewed asylum seekers and key informants to deepen our understanding of the livelihoods context in each country. Our main program recommendations, based on all three cases, are included as a stand-alone document.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Feinstein International Center on Feb 14, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Refugee Livelihoods in Urban Areas:Identifying Program Opportunities
Case study Ecuador 
Strengthening the humanity and dignity of people in crisis through knowledge and practiceOctober 2012
 
©2012 Feinstein International Center. All Rights Reserved.Cover photo by Sandra ten ZijthoffFair use of this copyrighted material includes its use for non-commercial educationalpurposes, such as teaching, scholarship, research, criticism, commentary, and news
reporting. Unless otherwise noted, those who wish to reproduce text and image fi
les from this publication for such uses may do so without the Feinstein InternationalCenter’s express permission. However, all commercial use of this material and/orreproduction that alters its meaning or intent, without the express permission of theFeinstein International Center, is prohibited.Feinstein International CenterTufts University114 Curtis StreetSomerville, MA 02144USAtel: +1 617.627.3423fax: +1 617.627.3428
fic.tufts.edu
 
Refugee Livelihoods in Urban Areas: Identifying Program Opportunities / Case Study Ecuador
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Suggested citation
Feinstein International Center, 2012.
Refugee Livelihoods in Urban Areas:Identifying Program Opportunities. Case study Ecuador.
Feinstein Internation-al Center, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University,Boston, USA.
Acknowledgements
Field research for this report was made possible by three excellent researchassistants, Christine Fabara, Alexandra Lara, and Lana Balyk in Ecuador. Sandra
ten Zijthoff provided project management for the field team and wrote the report
with the support of Jeremy Harkey, who assisted in data analysis and writing.Rebecca Furst-Nichols provided project management, advice and support.Karen Jacobsen, Principal Investigator, guided the full research process. Thestaff at Feinstein International Center managed the budget, travel andadministrative procedures.We recognize and thank our interviewees in Ecuador, who were willing to sharetheir experiences, and who are a life example for all of us. We thank theFundacion Ambiente y Sociedad and the Colombian Refugee Project for theircontribution to the research and for facilitating access to the refugeecommunities. In particular, we thank the refugees in Ecuador who were willing toshare their experience with us, and made us understand.The research was paid for by American taxpayers, and we are grateful to the USDepartment of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (BPRM) forfunding this project. Financial support for this research was also provided by theSwedish government (SIDA).The ideas, opinions, and comments below are those of the authors and do not
necessarily represent or reect those of BPRM or SIDA.

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