Revision of Poultry BiologyBirds & PoultryPoultryBirds
Domesticated birds including chickens, turkeys,ducks, geese, quail, pigeon & ostrich.Both domesticated & undomesticated species of classAves. About 10000 avian species in 27 orders.
Some author classifies RABBITS with poultry although they are mammals.
Aims of poultry production:1-Meat production
→ commercial broilers" Hubbard, Ross, Coob, Avian 48 and Arboplus" & cross-bred broilers "Saso breed". In addition Turkeys, ducks, ostriches and quails are reared for meat production.48 .
2-Table egg production
→ commercial layers as Hi Lyne, Hisex, Bovans and Lohmann..
3-Fertile egg production
→ Breeders "Breeder of Hubbard, Ross, Coob 500 & 700, Avian 48 andArboplus" & Saso breed"
→ Pheasants, Sparrows, Parrot and pigeon.
The differences between commercial layers & breeders.BreedersCommercial layersCriteria
Fertile eggTable egg
Essentials Not present
Deep litter onlyDeep litter or cages
System of housing
Not less than 3 kg Not more than 2 kg
Weight of hen
Not less than 80
gm Not more than 60 gm
Weight of egg
Not less than 150 gm Not more than 120 gm
Amount of feed/hen/day
Not more than 180 egg Not less than 300 egg
About 70 weeks.About 60 weeks.
Classic with IBD, Reo, CIA.Classic without IBD, Reo, CIA.
Vaccination scheduleMention the poultry terms:Broilers
: reared till 6-7 wk old either six (2 kg), Tender andeasy to cook, 800 million in Egypt.
Older & slightly larger than a broiler.
chicken at 5-7 month old weighs about4 kgs.
: semi-mature chickens.
: young ducks.
: Young geese.
: Young pigeon.
(Gobbler): matures ♂ turkey.