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Ground Level Power Supply

Ground Level Power Supply

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Published by William Mook
This shows how a powered roadway works to charge electric vehicles on the go or allow them to dispense with batteries altogether! In 1920s Phillips Petroleum and GM colluded to destroy the street-car companies in America by forming National City Lines, buying up the trams and interurbans, and destroying their powered roadways. We can free ourselves from dependence on fossil fuels by building powered roadways again, using modern technologies. This shows how to do it.

Liquid fuels have reached their peak output in 2008. For every barrel of oil discovered four barrels of oil are used. This means that within our lifetime, liquid fuels will become higher priced and more scarce. This was first predicted in 1952 by Dr. K Hubbert. At that time crude oil was $1.50 per barrel. During the first oil crisis in 1972 oil prices rose to the unbelievably high price of $5 per barrel. By 1980s oil was $15 per barrel. In the late 1990s $25 per barrel. By 2002 oil reached $60 per barrel. In 2008 oil reached $140 per barrel. This trend will continue.

This paper outlines a solution.
This shows how a powered roadway works to charge electric vehicles on the go or allow them to dispense with batteries altogether! In 1920s Phillips Petroleum and GM colluded to destroy the street-car companies in America by forming National City Lines, buying up the trams and interurbans, and destroying their powered roadways. We can free ourselves from dependence on fossil fuels by building powered roadways again, using modern technologies. This shows how to do it.

Liquid fuels have reached their peak output in 2008. For every barrel of oil discovered four barrels of oil are used. This means that within our lifetime, liquid fuels will become higher priced and more scarce. This was first predicted in 1952 by Dr. K Hubbert. At that time crude oil was $1.50 per barrel. During the first oil crisis in 1972 oil prices rose to the unbelievably high price of $5 per barrel. By 1980s oil was $15 per barrel. In the late 1990s $25 per barrel. By 2002 oil reached $60 per barrel. In 2008 oil reached $140 per barrel. This trend will continue.

This paper outlines a solution.

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Published by: William Mook on Feb 15, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/15/2013

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Ground-level Power Supply 
Prepared for: HBD Industries, Inc.Prepared by: William Mook, CEO12 December 2011Concept Overview
Rim-Motor Design
(1) Wheel Rim(2) Hub Motor(3) Electronic Wedge Brake(4) Active Suspension(5) Electronic Steering(6) Ground-level Power Strip(7) Power studs
Zeecol Limited
112 A Nayland Street Chirstchurch, NZ 8081
 
william.mook@mokenergy.com 
Zeecol Limited
 
Ground-level Power Supply 
Stud Contact Innovation
 A safe, reliable, aesthetic , modular stud contact system is imbedded in rubber strips installed in typical roadwaysused by all vehicles including a new type of electric vehicle described here.
Studded Tires Provide Electrical Contact
Studded tire technology is adapted to create a rotating power contact system that works in conjunction with amolded strip of contacts. The spacing of the contacts in the tire matches the spacing of the contact in the strip toassure contact closure.
Signal Processing and Solid State Switching
 A polyphase rim-mounted motor is driven by a three phase power pickup derived from common connection withinthe tire of three contact types. These contact types send out a digital signal unique to each. The ground-levelcontacts in the power strip, pick up these signals when contact is made, and switch the appropriate phase to theroad contact ‘demanded’ by the tire contact.
Small Battery or Capacitor is used to Provide Power when no Contact is made.
 The rim motor contains electrical energy storage capability to drive the vehicle between one and ten kilometers in theabsence of ground-level power supply. Larger supplies may be stored on board the vehicle.
Liquid Fuel Replacement
Liquid fuels have reached their peak output in 2008. For every barrel of oil discovered four barrels of oil are used. This means that within our lifetime, liquid fuels will become higher priced and more scarce. This was first predictedin 1952 by Dr. K Hubbert. At that time crude oil was $1.50 per barrel. During the first oil crisis in 1972 oil prices roseto $5 per barrel. By 1980s oil was $15 per barrel. In the late 1990s $25 per barrel. By 2002 oil reached $60 perbarrel. In 2008 oil reached $140 per barrel. This trend will continue.Coal, hydro, nuclear, and other sources are less costly and more abundant than liquid fuels These sources of energy are stationaryConnecting vehicles to these power supplies with ground-level contacts displaces liquid fuel useProviding the cost per kilometer is not excessiveProviding that the contact works in conjunction with existing road waysProviding that the modified roadways can be used by all vehicle types An opportunity exists for test in Christchurch NZ rebuilding its Central Business District
Zeecol Limited
 
Ground-level Power Supply 
Improved Rim Motor
 There are three ways to build a wheel based motor. The first, shown on the cover of this report, places the motor in the hub of the wheel. The second sketched here,places the motor in the tire itself. This is the preferred implementation once inproduction. The third, places the motor outside the wheel driving it, and the tirebecomes a mere electrical conduit operating on a standard hub. This last approachis likely most suitable for initial system design and proof of concept.
Tire Powers Standard Electric Vehicle
 An even simpler approach to early-stage development is to power an existing hybridvehicle with an external supply derived from tire contact with the ground-level powersupply.
Tire Stud Contact
Each tire on the vehicle contains 180 contacts spread evenly in a hexagonal patternacross the contact area of the tire. Their spacing is 3.94 cm. These are combined tocreate a three-phase pick up with 60 contacts are dedicated within each tire to onephase. A typical tire with 3 times atmospheric pressure will have a contact area of 290square centimeters. This contact area will contain 21 of the 180 contacts. 7 of theseare dedicated to each phase. With two tires in contact, 42 contacts will be connectedto the ground-level power supply nearly continuously. At 2000 watts per contact, thissystem supplies 84,000 watts overall. Sufficient to power an automobile. At 20 kV,typical for polyphase tram systems in use today, using sliding stud contact systems,currents as low as 0.15 Amps are required.
Zeecol Limited
Footprint Pressure Distribution
GOODYEAR WRANGLER HT 1980 LBS @ 44 PSILT235/85R16
HubTireDriveContactPower Studs

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