Ground-level Power Supply
Stud Contact Innovation
A safe, reliable, aesthetic , modular stud contact system is imbedded in rubber strips installed in typical roadwaysused by all vehicles including a new type of electric vehicle described here.
Studded Tires Provide Electrical Contact
Studded tire technology is adapted to create a rotating power contact system that works in conjunction with amolded strip of contacts. The spacing of the contacts in the tire matches the spacing of the contact in the strip toassure contact closure.
Signal Processing and Solid State Switching
A polyphase rim-mounted motor is driven by a three phase power pickup derived from common connection withinthe tire of three contact types. These contact types send out a digital signal unique to each. The ground-levelcontacts in the power strip, pick up these signals when contact is made, and switch the appropriate phase to theroad contact ‘demanded’ by the tire contact.
Small Battery or Capacitor is used to Provide Power when no Contact is made.
The rim motor contains electrical energy storage capability to drive the vehicle between one and ten kilometers in theabsence of ground-level power supply. Larger supplies may be stored on board the vehicle.
Liquid Fuel Replacement
Liquid fuels have reached their peak output in 2008. For every barrel of oil discovered four barrels of oil are used. This means that within our lifetime, liquid fuels will become higher priced and more scarce. This was ﬁrst predictedin 1952 by Dr. K Hubbert. At that time crude oil was $1.50 per barrel. During the ﬁrst oil crisis in 1972 oil prices roseto $5 per barrel. By 1980s oil was $15 per barrel. In the late 1990s $25 per barrel. By 2002 oil reached $60 perbarrel. In 2008 oil reached $140 per barrel. This trend will continue.•Coal, hydro, nuclear, and other sources are less costly and more abundant than liquid fuels• These sources of energy are stationary•Connecting vehicles to these power supplies with ground-level contacts displaces liquid fuel use•Providing the cost per kilometer is not excessive•Providing that the contact works in conjunction with existing road ways•Providing that the modiﬁed roadways can be used by all vehicle types• An opportunity exists for test in Christchurch NZ rebuilding its Central Business District