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2012 Special 301 Report

2012 Special 301 Report

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Published by Mark Llego
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Published by: Mark Llego on Feb 15, 2013
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2012 Special 301 Report
Ambassador Ronald Kirk Office of the United States Trade Representative
 
 
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is responsible for the preparationof this report. U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk gratefully acknowledges in particular thecontributions of Deputy U.S. Trade Representatives Demetrios Marantis, Michael Punke, andMiriam Sapiro; USTR General Counsel Timothy Reif; Chief of Staff Lisa Garcia; and AssistantUSTR for Public/Media Affairs Carol Guthrie, Assistant USTR for Intergovernmental Affairsand Public Engagement Christine Turner, Assistant USTR for Congressional Affairs MacCampbell, Executive Secretary William Mack, Senior Policy Advisor Holly Smith, SeniorAdvisor David Roth, Assistant USTR for Intellectual Property and Innovation Stan McCoy,Director for Intellectual Property and Innovation Paula Karol Pinha, and numerous other staff of the Office of Intellectual Property and Innovation, the Office of General Counsel, and otherUSTR offices. Thanks are extended to partner agencies, including the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Health and Human Services, Justice, Labor, Transportation, Treasury,and State, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and the U.S. Copyright Office.In preparing the report, substantial information was solicited from U.S. Embassies around theworld and from interested stakeholders. The draft of this report was developed through theSpecial 301 Subcommittee of the interagency Trade Policy Staff Committee.April 2012
 
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Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .......................................................................................................................... 4SECTION I. DEVELOPMENTS IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS PROTECTION ANDENFORCEMENT ......................................................................................................................................... 8Positive Developments .............................................................................................................................. 8Initiatives to Strengthen IPR Protection and Enforcement Internationally ............................................. 10Best IPR Practices by Trading Partners .................................................................................................. 11Capacity Building Efforts ....................................................................................................................... 12Trends in Trademark Counterfeiting and Copyright Piracy .................................................................... 14Piracy over the Internet and Digital Piracy ............................................................................................. 16Trade Secrets and Forced Technology Transfer ..................................................................................... 17Trademarks and Domain Name Disputes ............................................................................................... 19Government Use of Software .................................................................................................................. 19Intellectual Property and Health Policy .................................................................................................. 19Supporting Pharmaceutical and Medical Device Innovation through Improved Market Access ........... 20Implementation of the WTO TRIPS Agreement .................................................................................... 22WTO Dispute Settlement ........................................................................................................................ 22Interagency Trade Enforcement Center .................................................................................................. 24SECTION II. COUNTRY REPORTS ........................................................................................................ 25Priority Watch List .................................................................................................................................. 25Algeria ................................................................................................................................................ 25Argentina ............................................................................................................................................ 25Canada ................................................................................................................................................ 25Chile .................................................................................................................................................... 26China ................................................................................................................................................... 26India .................................................................................................................................................... 35Indonesia ............................................................................................................................................. 36Israel ................................................................................................................................................... 36Pakistan ............................................................................................................................................... 37Russia .................................................................................................................................................. 37Thailand .............................................................................................................................................. 39Ukraine................................................................................................................................................ 40Venezuela............................................................................................................................................ 40 Watch List ............................................................................................................................................... 41Belarus ................................................................................................................................................ 41Bolivia ................................................................................................................................................. 41Brazil ................................................................................................................................................... 41Brunei Darussalam .............................................................................................................................. 42Colombia ............................................................................................................................................. 42Costa Rica ........................................................................................................................................... 43Dominican Republic ........................................................................................................................... 43Ecuador ............................................................................................................................................... 43Egypt ................................................................................................................................................... 44Finland ................................................................................................................................................ 44Greece ................................................................................................................................................. 45Guatemala ........................................................................................................................................... 45Italy ..................................................................................................................................................... 45

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