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info_iec60601-2-28{ed2.0}b

info_iec60601-2-28{ed2.0}b

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International Standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
International Standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

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12/31/2014

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IEC 60601-2-28
Edition 2.0
 
2010-03
INTERNATIONALSTANDARDNORMEINTERNATIONALE
Medical electrical equipment –Part 2-28: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performanceof X-ray tube assemblies for medical diagnosisAppareils électromédicaux –Partie 2-28: Exigences particulières pour la sécurité de base et les performancesessentielles des gaines équipées pour diagnostic médical
INTERNATIONALELECTROTECHNICALCOMMISSIONCOMMISSIONELECTROTECHNIQUEINTERNATIONALE
R
ICS 11.040.55PRICE CODECODE PRIXISBN 978-2-88910-220-4
 
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical CommissionMarque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
®
 
2 60601-2-28
©
IEC:2010
CONTENTS
FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................3
 
201.1
 
Scope, object and related standards........................................................................5
 
201.2
 
Normative references..............................................................................................6
 
201.3
 
Terms and definitions..............................................................................................7
 
201.4
 
General requirements..............................................................................................7
 
201.5
 
General requirements for testing
ME
 
EQUIPMENT
.......................................................7
 
201.6
 
Classification of 
ME
 
EQUIPMENT
and
ME
 
SYSTEMS
......................................................8
 
201.7
 
M
E
 
EQUIPMENT
identification, marking and documents..............................................8
 
201.8
 
Protection against electrical
HAZARDS
from
ME
 
EQUIPMENT
......................................10
 
201.9
 
Protection against
MECHANICAL HAZARDS
of 
ME
 
EQUIPMENT
and
ME
 
SYSTEMS
............11
 
201.10
 
Protection against unwanted and excessive radiation
HAZARDS
..............................12
 
201.11
 
Protection against excessive temperatures and other 
HAZARDS
..............................12
 
201.12
 
 Accuracy of controls and instruments and protection against hazardousoutputs.................................................................................................................13
 
201.13
 
H
 AZARDOUS SITUATIONS
and fault conditions...........................................................13
 
201.14
 
P
ROGRAMMABLE ELECTRICAL MEDICAL SYSTEMS
(
PEMS
).............................................13
 
201.15
 
Construction of 
ME
 
EQUIPMENT
...............................................................................13
 
201.16
 
M
E
 
SYSTEMS
...........................................................................................................13
 
201.17
 
Electromagnetic compatibility of 
ME
 
EQUIPMENT
and
ME
 
SYSTEMS
............................13
 
203
 
RADIATION
protection in diagnostic X-
RAY EQUIPMENT
.............................................13
 
 Annexes .............................................................................................................................14
 
 Annex AA (informative) Test of X-
RAY TUBE ASSEMBLIES
for pressure-related
RISKS
...............15
 
Index of defined terms used in this particular standard..........................................................17
 
 
60601-2-28
©
IEC:2010 3
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ____________ 
MEDICAL ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT –Part 2-28: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essentialperformance of X-ray tube assemblies for medical diagnosis
FOREWORD
1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprisingall national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promoteinternational co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. Tothis end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IECPublication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interestedin the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closelywith the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined byagreement between the two organizations.2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an internationalconsensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from allinterested IEC National Committees.3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC NationalCommittees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IECPublications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for anymisinterpretation by any end user.4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publicationstransparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergencebetween any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated inthe latter.5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformityassessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for anyservices carried out by independent certification bodies.6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts andmembers of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) andexpenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IECPublications.8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications isindispensable for the correct application of this publication.9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
International Standard IEC 60601-2-28 has been prepared by subcommittee 62B: Diagnosticimaging equipment, of IEC technical committee 62: Electrical equipment in medical practice.This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993. This editionconstitutes a technical revision.The second edition of this particular standard has been prepared to fit IEC 60601-1:2005 (thethird edition of IEC 60601-1), which is referred to as the general standard.When the first edition was developed, mainly
X
-
RAY TUBE ASSEMBLIES
holding a glass insertwere considered and IEC 60601-1:1988 (the second edition of the general standard) was inplace. While the variety of modern
X
-
RAY TUBE ASSEMBLIES
and technologies has increased,the third edition of the general standard requires the
MANUFACTURER
to perform
RISKMANAGEMENT
. The technical modifications versus the first edition of IEC 60601-2-28 accountfor these changes.

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