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Biology 1-19 Midterm Review

Biology 1-19 Midterm Review

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Published by Edward Egan

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Published by: Edward Egan on Feb 18, 2009
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Eddy Egan January 19, 2007TuliszewskiPeriod ½Midterm Review Questions1.What is science and what does it only deal with? (3)
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world.
Only deals with the natural world2.What are the steps in the scientific method hypothesis? (8)
Observation(Asking a question), Formulation of an hypothesis, Testing thehypothesis(setting up a controlled experiment), Conclusion3.What is the idea of spontaneous generation?(8)
The idea that life could arise from non-living matter 4.What are some of the characteristics living things share?
Made Up of Cells
Based on a universal genetic code
Grow And Develop
Obtain and use Materials And Energy
Respond to their Environment
Maintain a stable internal environment
(Generally) Change over Time5.What are the two forms of reproduction? And what do they consist of?
Sexual- cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a neworganism
Asexual- the new organism has a single parent. A single parent divides in half to form two new organisms6.What are ionic bonds? What are covalent bonds? What are van der Waals forces?
Ionic bonds- formed when one or more electrons are transferred from oneatom to another 
Covalent bonds- forms when electrons are shared between atoms
Van der Waals forces- intermolecular forces of attraction7.Why is water polar?
Uneven distribution of electrons between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms.8.What is the difference between adhesion and cohesion?
Cohesion is the attraction between molecules of the same substance, whileAdhesion is an attraction between molecules of different substance.
9.In the pH scale what number has the highest concentration of H
Which hasthe highest concentration of OH
ions? What number is it when they are equal?
0- Most Acidic and most H
14- Most Basic and most OH
7- Neutral10.How many parts do nucleotides consist of? What are they?
Three Parts- a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base11.Proteins contain what elements and are made of what polymers?
 Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Polymers of proteins called – Amino Acids12.What does the cell theory state?
All living things are composed of cells
Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things
 New cells are produced from existing cells13.What are cells that contain nuclei in which their genetic material is separated fromthe rest of the cell? What are cells that do not contain nuclei?
Prokaryotes14. The Golgi Apparatus is used for what?
To modify, sort, and package proteins and other materials from the ER for storage in the cell or secretion outside the cell15.What is the cell membrane made up of?
Lipid Bilayer 
Protein Channels
Scientists refer to it as a mosaic of different molecules16.How is concentration measured?
The Mass of a solute in a given volume of solution or Mass/Volume17.Means same strength. Means above strength. Means below strength. Cells arealways trying to reach this.

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