Preliminary data on: QUANTIFICATION OF THE CARBON SUMP EFFECT BYGUADUA (
, Londoño Ximena
, Gómez Jorge
, López Yamel
Fisiología Vegetal, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones de Café – Cenicafé. ChinchináCaldas – Colombia.
Sociedad Colombiana del Bambú P.O. Box 661 ArmeniaColombia.
Universidad Nacional de Colombia – Palmira, Colombia. *Author for correspondence.
Kunth (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) covers anapproximate area of 51.521 has, 46.261 are spontaneous and 5,260 are cultivated. Theoptimal growing area is the Andean region where they form plant communities called"guaduales". In the central-western region of the country,
has played animportant role in the history, culture and economics. Records of its existence go as far back as the pre-Columbian times; today its growing area has been reduced to the river and creek basins.
was used by the settlers of the coffee region to build their towns, and by farmers as a substitute for lumber to build the facilities of their farms and other purposes. With this bamboo, farmers have been able to preserve water sources and have obtained additional income from selling it and savings by reducingconstruction costs.
is considered to be one of the three largest species of bamboo, andone of the 20
worldwide most important because its physical-mechanical properties asmechanical strength of its wood which makes it an ideal construction materialsubstituting the use of another traditional wood source in a large percentage. In addition,it could be industrialized in long life products such as furniture, crafts, agglomerates,laminates, floors, fabrics, etc (Londoño, 1998a).
is a fast developing monocotyledon that grows up to 11 cm per day.Its optimal growth conditions are locations with an altitude between 500 – 1500 m,rainfall of 1200-2500 mm year
, temperatures between 18 and 24 °C, relative humidityof 80 – 90 % (Londoño, 1998b).The most outstanding aspects of research indicate that
emerges from theground with an established diameter within a range of 6 - 22 cm, and reaches its fullheight in the first six months of growth. It achieves maturity between 4-5 years. Theideal composition of culms (stems) in a “guadual” has been estimated to be 10% newshoots, 30% young culms, 60% mature and over mature culms and 0% dry ones, with a plant density of 3,000 to 8,000 culms per hectare. The culms have an inverse relationship between density and diameter size (Londoño, 1998b; CORPOCALDAS, 199?; CVC,2000). It has been reported that Guadua add 10 tons per ha
of biomass to the soil.