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Mobile Computing

Mobile Computing

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Published by Ashok Kumar

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Published by: Ashok Kumar on Feb 15, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Mobile Computing
A technology that allows transmission of data, via a computer,without having to be connected to a fixed physical link.A computer which you can take with you all around. You can do all the things which can be done with a desktop computer. You should be able to use same software, which youuse on a desktop computer.Mobile voice communication is widely established throughout the world and has had avery rapid increase in the number of subscribers to the various cellular networks over thelast few years. An extension of this technology is the ability to send and receive dataacross these cellular networks. This is the principle of mobile computing.Mobile data communication has become a very important and rapidly evolvingtechnology as it allows users to transmit data from remote locations to other remote or fixed locations. This proves to be the solution to the biggest problem of business peopleon the move - mobility.
Many types of mobile computers have been introduced since the 1990s including the:
1. Personal digital assistant/enterprise digital assistant:
A PDA with a web browser isan Internet tablet, an Internet appliance in tablet form. It does not have as muchcomputing power as a full tablet computer and its applications suite is limited, and itcannot replace a general purpose computer. Internet tablets typically feature an MP3 andvideo player, a web browser, a chat application and a picture viewer.
2. Smartphone:
A smartphone has a wide range of features and installable applications.
3. Tablet computer:
A tablet computer that lacks a keyboard (also known as a non-convertible tablet) is shaped like a slate or a paper notebook. Instead a physical keyboardit has a touchscreen with some combination of virtual keyboard, stylus and or handwriting recognition software. Tablets may not be best suited for applicationsrequiring a physical keyboard for typing, but are otherwise capable of carrying out mostof the tasks of an ordinary laptop.
4. Ultra-Mobile PC:
An ultra-mobile PC is a full-featured, PDA-sized computer running ageneral-purpose operating system
5. Wearable computer:
Wearable computers, also known as body-borne computers areminiature electronic devices that are worn by the bearer under, with or on top of clothing.This class of wearable technology has been developed for general or special purposeinformation technologies and media development.
One of the main features of awearable computer is consistency. There is a constant interaction between the computer and user, i.e. there is no need to turn the deviceon or off. Another feature is the ability tomulti-task.
1. Range & Bandwidth:
Mobile Internet access is generally slower than direct cableconnections, using technologies such as GPRS and EDGE, and more recently HSDPAand HSUPA 3G and 4G networks. These networks are usually available within range of commercial cell phone towers. Higher speed wireless LANs are inexpensive but havevery limited range.
2. Security standards:
When working mobile, one is dependent on public networks,requiring careful use of VPN. Security is a major concern while concerning the mobilecomputing standards on the fleet. One can easily attack the VPN through a huge number of networks interconnected through the line.
3. Power consumption:
When a power outlet or portable generator is not available, mobilecomputers must rely entirely on battery power. Combined with the compact size of manymobile devices, this often means unusually expensive batteries must be used to obtainthe necessary battery life.
4. Transmission interferences:
Weather, terrain, and the range from the nearest signal point can all interfere with signal reception. Reception in tunnels, some buildings, andrural areas is often poor.
5. Potential health hazards
People who use mobile devices while driving are oftendistracted from driving and are thus assumed more likely to be involved in trafficaccidents.(While this may seem obvious, there is considerable discussion about whether  banning mobile device use while driving reduces accidents or not. Cell phones mayinterfere with sensitive medical devices. Questions concerning mobile phone radiationand health have been raised.
6. Human interface with device:
Screens and keyboards tend to be small, which maymake them hard to use. Alternate input methods such as speech or handwritingrecognition require training.

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