of gospel realities. In other words, the type should be understood in the light of the antitype, and not the reverse. Moreover,no parable or type can be applied in all details. It is the central truth that is to be sought out and applied. And it might beadded that we do not place upon the scapegoat the emphasis that some of our critics would indicate.
The transaction with the scapegoat, or Azazel (Lev. 16:8), springs from the annual typical sanctuary service of ancient Israel.These types were simply dramatized symbols or prophetic parables, of the great gospel realities take place in thisdispensation. Thus the ancient Passover lamb typified "Christ our passover" (1 Cor. 5: 7), who was slain for us. And theservices of the ministering priests symbolized our great High Priest, Jesus Christ, who, after the sacrifice of Himself atCalvary, now ministers for us in the heavenlies (Hebrews 8 and 9).In Leviticus 16, two goats entered into the service of the great day of Atonement. One, in type, made atonement for sin. Theother goat, for Azazel, was not slain, but was kept alive, and hence made no atonement for anyone's sins.The first goat represented our Lord Jesus Christ, who, on the cross, made atonement for our sins. The other goat, in
, symbolized Satan, who must bear the responsibility not only for his own sins but for his part in all the sins he hascaused others, both righteous and wicked, to commit. This live goat, it is to be remembered, was not slain. (Manyoutstanding authorities support our understanding that the live goat, or Azazel, typified Satan. See Question 34.)Two goats were obviously required, and used, on the Day of Atonement, because there is a
twofold responsibility for sin
first, my responsibility as the
, agent, or medium; and second, Satan's responsibility, as the
, or tempter,in whose
heart sin was first conceived. When Satan tempted our first parents to take and eat of the forbidden fruit, he as well as theyhad an inescapable responsibility in that act
he the instigator, and they the perpetrators. And similarly through the ages
inall sin Satan is involved in responsibility, as the originator and instigator, or tempter (John 8:44; Rom. 6:16; 1 John 3:8). Now concerning my sin, Christ died for my sins (Rom. 5:8). He was wounded for
transgressions and bore
iniquities(Isaiah 53). He assumed
responsibilities, and His blood alone cleanses
from all sin (1 John 1:7). The atonement for
sin is made solely by the shed blood of Christ.