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The Transaction With the Scapegoat

The Transaction With the Scapegoat

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Published by: czemu on Feb 17, 2013
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08/10/2013

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Questions On Doctrine 
The Transaction With the Scapegoat
QUESTION 35
What is the actual teaching of Seventh-day Adventists regarding the "scapegoat" in thesanctuary service? Do you hold that the sins of the righteous are rolled back on Satan, sothat in the end he becomes your sin bearer?
 
396
 We take our stand without qualification on the gospel platform that the death of Jesus Christ provides the
 sole
 propitiationfor our sins (1 John 2:2; 4:10); that there is salvation through no other means or medium, and no other name by which wemay be saved (Acts 4:12); and that the shed blood of Jesus Christ
alone
 brings remission for our sins (Matt. 26: 28). That isfoundational.Further, we hold to the recognized principle that no cardinal doctrine or belief should be based primarily upon a parable or type, but upon the clear unfigurative statements of Scripture, and understood and defined in the light of explicit declarations
 
of gospel realities. In other words, the type should be understood in the light of the antitype, and not the reverse. Moreover,no parable or type can be applied in all details. It is the central truth that is to be sought out and applied. And it might beadded that we do not place upon the scapegoat the emphasis that some of our critics would indicate.
397
 The transaction with the scapegoat, or Azazel (Lev. 16:8), springs from the annual typical sanctuary service of ancient Israel.These types were simply dramatized symbols or prophetic parables, of the great gospel realities take place in thisdispensation. Thus the ancient Passover lamb typified "Christ our passover" (1 Cor. 5: 7), who was slain for us. And theservices of the ministering priests symbolized our great High Priest, Jesus Christ, who, after the sacrifice of Himself atCalvary, now ministers for us in the heavenlies (Hebrews 8 and 9).In Leviticus 16, two goats entered into the service of the great day of Atonement. One, in type, made atonement for sin. Theother goat, for Azazel, was not slain, but was kept alive, and hence made no atonement for anyone's sins.The first goat represented our Lord Jesus Christ, who, on the cross, made atonement for our sins. The other goat, in
antithesis
, symbolized Satan, who must bear the responsibility not only for his own sins but for his part in all the sins he hascaused others, both righteous and wicked, to commit. This live goat, it is to be remembered, was not slain. (Manyoutstanding authorities support our understanding that the live goat, or Azazel, typified Satan. See Question 34.)Two goats were obviously required, and used, on the Day of Atonement, because there is a
twofold responsibility for sin
 — 
first, my responsibility as the
 perpetrato
, agent, or medium; and second, Satan's responsibility, as the
instigator 
, or tempter,in whose
398
 heart sin was first conceived. When Satan tempted our first parents to take and eat of the forbidden fruit, he as well as theyhad an inescapable responsibility in that act
 — 
he the instigator, and they the perpetrators. And similarly through the ages
 — 
inall sin Satan is involved in responsibility, as the originator and instigator, or tempter (John 8:44; Rom. 6:16; 1 John 3:8). Now concerning my sin, Christ died for my sins (Rom. 5:8). He was wounded for 
my
transgressions and bore
my
iniquities(Isaiah 53). He assumed
my
responsibilities, and His blood alone cleanses
me
from all sin (1 John 1:7). The atonement for 
my
sin is made solely by the shed blood of Christ.
 
 And concerning Satan's sin, and his responsibility as instigator and tempter, no salvation is provided for him. He must be punished for his responsibility. There is no savior, or substitute, to bear his punishment. He must himself "atone" for his sinin causing men to transgress, in the same way that a master criminal suffers on the gallows or in the electric chair for hisresponsibility in the crimes that he has caused others to commit. It is in this sense only that we can understand the words of Leviticus 16:10 concerning the scapegoat, "to make an atonement with him."Courts of law recognize the principle of dual responsibility. Thus a criminal father may teach his child to steal, and the child becomes a habitual thief; or a dissolute mother may teach her daughter to engage in professional prostitution. Parentalresponsibility in such cases is crystal clear. The instigator of a crime is punished, as well as the instrument that actuallycommitted the act. When the members of 
399
 "Murder Incorporated" were brought to book for a whole succession of killings, the master mind, who had never technicallytaken a life, went to the chair as instigator, along with the perpetrators. And under criminal law, the instigator, or master mind, may be punished more severely than his agents.In like manner, Satan is the responsible master mind in the great crime of sin, and his responsibility will return upon his ownhead. The crushing weight of his responsibility in the sins of the whole world
 — 
of the wicked as well as of the righteous
 — 
must be rolled back upon him. Simple justice demands that while Christ suffers for my guilt, Satan must also be punished asthe instigator of sin.That is why, on the Day of Atonement, two goats were necessary. One was "for the Lord" (Lev. 16:7) to provide theatonement through the shedding of his blood; the other was "for Azazel" (Lev. 16:8, margin). These two were, in the text, placed in
antithesis
. One typified our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, who was slain as our substitute and vicariously bore our sins, with all the guilt and punishment entailed. Thus He made complete atonement for our sins. The other goat, we believe,stood for Satan, who is eventually to have rolled back upon his own head, not only his own sins, but the responsibility for allthe sins he has caused others to commit. Now two vital points involved are to be particularly noted: (1) that the transaction with the live goat (or Azazel) took place
 after 
the atonement for the sins of the people had been accomplished, and the reconciliation completed; and (2) that the live

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