EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIESIN THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
Maya Khemlani David
Faculty of Languages & Linguistics University of Malaya
What makes for effective teaching? Effective teaching and effective learning takes placewhen a number of efficient and effective teaching strategies are used. The paper will discussa range of strategies that make for effective teaching and learning in the languageclassroom.
Aim of PaperIn this paper I shall discuss 3 main issues, which in my opinion, make foreffective teaching and learning. These views are based on years of teaching.View of TeachingIn order to understand and appreciate the first issue i.e. the importance of feedback in the classroom let me first discuss my perception of teaching. Teaching must be seen in the same light as communicating. This is becausethe teacher has to disseminate some information to the receiver, in this casethe students or learners. The message that is transmitted to the receivermust be understood by the receiver. The receiver of messages in theclassroom context generally is the learner. My view is that thecommunication circle is not complete until the message receiver, throughsome feedback channels, informs either verbally or non verbally, themessage transmitter i.e. the teacher that the message understood has beenthe message sent. At the heart of effective teaching there should be anongoing process of ensuring that what the teacher has said is what learnershave understood.Importance of Ongoing Feedback The teacher, based on this feedback is then in a position to transmit new bitsof information. On the other hand, if the feedback from the student advisesthe teacher that the message sent has been misunderstood the onus is thenon the teacher to retransmit the information. This time the message must betransmitted in such a way that the message sent equates with the messageunderstood. Communication i.e. learning takes place only when messagessent or information disseminated are on par with the information received. Teaching is effective when learning takes place.