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Math Sl Portfolio Fish Production - 14 Feb

Math Sl Portfolio Fish Production - 14 Feb

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Published by: Christiaan Lamprecht on Feb 18, 2013
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IB Math SL Type 2 Portfolio. Fish production
Name: Christiaan Lamprecht Candidate Number: 001179-009 Page 1
The goal of this portfolio is to study the commercial fishing in a certain country in the seaenvironment as well as fish farms. The data from fish caught in the sea and fish from the fishfarms. The data was obtained from the UN statistics Division Common Database.The main purpose of this task is to define suitable variables and come up with parameters/constraints of the data given and then using technology, plot the data points into agraph to develop and discuss a model for the different data points for both environments thatrelate to the trends of their data. I will be using different types of software that will help me todevelop the models for each set of data points for both the environments; I will be usingseparate graphs for each type of environment. After I have deduced the functions and models,I will be using the functions and models to describe the current trends observed by eachenvironment, followed with possible future trends.
Defining variables and parameters/constraints:
Before we can plot the data points into a graph; we must first define the variables from thedata given, as well as discuss any of the parameters.There are two different variables given to us, the independent and dependent variables. Thedifferent variables in the given data are as follows:
The independent variable would be the year. This variable is changed by increasing the year  by one and taking note of the total mass of fish caught in that particular year.
The dependent variable for this set of data would be the amount of fish caught in each year.This variable is observed by noticing the mass of fish caught after every change of the year.The mass of fish caught can only change when the year has changed, which is why it isdependent on the years changing.The parameters or constraints in a particular set of data points are the factors in modelsthat are constants related to the independent and dependent variables. They are also known asConstant
variables in a set of data points. Possible parameters may be environmental factorssuch as the weather, economical issues and government rules, demand of the fish in local andinternational markets.
IB Math SL Type 2 Portfolio. Fish production
Name: Christiaan Lamprecht Candidate Number: 001179-009 Page 2
Plotting of points (Fish caught in the sea):
The data points for each fishing environment were plotted using GeoGebra 4 for Windows 7.The points have been plotted on a scatter graph to best show the pattern.
Trends in the graph
The graph above is for the total fish caught from the sea. Looking at the graph, we can noticethat there are a number of trends. From the years 1980 to 1988, or from the 1
point to the 8
 point on the x axis, there is a linear increase seen, in fact, we can see that the data on thegraph reaches its highest point in 1988, at approximately 670 tonnes of fish caught.Furthermore, the number of fish caught reduces; resulting in a smaller total mass of fishcaught and that is why the graph shows a downward slope. This continues until the year 1991,where the data points on the graph is at its lowest point, at approximately 357 tonnes of fishcaught. After the year 1991, the graph shows another upward slope all the way to 1995, wherethe graph reaches its second highest point at approximately 634 tonnes of fish caught. After the year 1995 all the way to 2006, the graph displays a series of rises and falls showing awave-like form with the points. Overall, the only decrease we can see in the graph is betweenthe years 1998 and 1991.
IB Math SL Type 2 Portfolio. Fish production
Name: Christiaan Lamprecht Candidate Number: 001179-009 Page 3
Suggestion of models
The trends in the graph results in a number of models or functions that may be associated withthe particular set of points in the graph, a number of models can be suggested for the graphsuch as:
Polynomial function:
 A polynomial graph is represented by an increase and decrease of the points on a graph,which this graph illustrates a lot, because a polynomial graph is usually defined as collection of upward anddownward curves, therefore it is the best way to describe the graph above.
Linear function:
 The graph displays a constant or linear increase in a number of areas on the graph and as awhole, the graph also appears to be increasing as the total mass of fish increases every year with theexception of some decreases. Therefore, a linear model can be used to describe the graph.
Cubic function:
 The graph, mostly from the year 1988, shows the shape of a cubic graph or what the graph of a cubic function may look like, as it shows an upward and downward sloping shape of the graph, which can be related to a cubic function, hence the graph can also be interpreted bya cubic function or model
Analytical Development of models to relate with data points:
To develop a suitable model/s for the data points on the graph, we should split the graph intoa number of sections relating to the trends of the graph I discussed earlier. The table of data provided for us has been divided into 3 different pieces or 
which you can also seein the graph. As different trends are seen in the graph reflected in the different intervals of thegraph, I will separate the graph into 3 different sections and for each interval I will beanalysing and make a suitable model. The 3 different sections I will be using are:
For a better visual picture of the sections, I plotted a graph for each

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