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José Joseph Ouellette (b. 1792)

José Joseph Ouellette (b. 1792)

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A participant in the 1885 Resistance.

A participant in the 1885 Resistance.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Feb 18, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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José (Joseph) Ouelette (Ouellet).
(c. 1792-1885)Joseph was the son of Joseph Ouellet and Angélique, an Assiniboine woman. Hemarried Thérèse Elizabeth Houle and they had thirteen children. Theresa was thedaughter of Antoine Houle and Josephte Lauzon. They lived at St. Norbert and St.François Xavier before moving to St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan in 1874.However, in 1868 he was living with the Turtle Mountain Band and received a $3.00annuity payment from the American government. In 1878, Joseph was a member of theCypress Hills Metis hunting band that petitioned for a reserve.The children of Joseph Ouellette and Theresa Elizabeth Houle were:
Joseph, born November 23, 1824. He married Madeleine Paul.
Isidore, born April 2, 1830, married Marie Bottineau.
Louise, born circa 1832, married Louis Landry.
Francois, born August 7, 1832, married Josephte Bottineau, sister of MarieBottineau married to his brother Isidore and to Angelique married to his brother Antoine. They were the daughters of Joseph Bottineau and Angelique Cardinal.
Joseph, born circa 1832.
Antoine dit Ratte, born December 29, 1834, married Angelique Bottineau.
Jean Baptiste, born May 15, 1837, married to Cecile Courchene.
Moise Napoleon, born March 5, 1840, married to Isabelle Elizabeth Dumont thesister of Gabriel Dumont.
Pierre, born April 23, 1842, married to Marguerite Gingras, the daughter of Metistrader Antoine Gingras and his wife Marguerite Trottier.
Alexis, born circa 1844, died in 1846.
Marie, born circa 1847, married to Charles Poitras, the son of Joseph Poitras andSuzanne Laverdure.
Marie Francoise, born March 30, 1847, married to Elie Dumont, GabrielDumont’s brother.They were the parents of Jean Baptiste, Moïse and Joseph Ouelette who all fought inthe 1885 Resistance. At age 93, José Sr. fought alongside Riel and Dumont at Batocheand was killed there on May 12, 1885, the last day of battle. Gabriel Dumont noted later:“José ... was killed after the ammunition ran out and Middleton’s troops overran theMetis rifle pits. ‘What kept me at this position, I must admit, was the courage of OldOuelette.’” Father Fourmond credits Joseph with saving many of the younger Metis in battle. He told them to run and escape, and was killed with a bayonet, while holding themilitary off. He is buried separately from the mass grave, and the only person in a coffin.The rest were buried in cloth. (Written with contributions from Lee Penner, HeritageInterpreter, Batoche National Historic Site.)

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