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MILREVIEW Taliban Organizational Analysis

MILREVIEW Taliban Organizational Analysis

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Published by Roman Janjulia

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Published by: Roman Janjulia on Feb 18, 2013
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03/28/2014

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58
M-Jun 2008
Military review 
Major Shahid Afsar, Pakistan Army;Major Chris Samples, U.S. Army; andMajor Thomas Wood, U.S. Army
Major Shahid Afsar is a Pakistani army 
infantry ofcer attending the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA.MAJ Afsar has served in the Federally  Administered Tribal Areas in support of Operation Almizan.Major Chris Samples is a U.S. Army Special Forces ofcer attending the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA. MAJ Samples has deployed to Afghanistan three times in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.Major Thomas Wood is a U.S. Army psychological operations ofcer at 
tending the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA. MAJ Wood has deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
 _____________
PHOTO: The Taliban ag displays theShahadah, the Islamic creed, which isthe Muslim declaration of belief in theoneness of God and acceptance of Muhammad as his nal prophet.
 If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every vic-tory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor  yourself, you will succumb in every battle.
—Sun Tzu
1
O
 ne of the most widely recognized images   p     p   w t c 11 spb 2001. t   a-Q   , tb  a, b u   v    u . t   u u  bu  bu   tb,    v   .t tb    u   k v,    uk  m e,       v   9/11. f-    1994  ,  tb v up- v v    u u v u  a.
2
 suu   v    pp,  tb    p    b  v  a uu b, p v  , p ,      . t tb k  a pp     b v   px ab  b, ,  .dp  quk v  2002 b     U.s.  -tb up,  tb    . i , ,    u  nato  U.s. p,   a na (ana),   ppu  v,  v’ u-  a  . i u    u  pv   v  b ,    v u  Pk. c,  bv u  k  bu   bu b .
History
t’ tb  b p b    u  v:a’   uu.
t 1979 sv v   uj  u  .
t v         sv
  1989.
The views reected in this
article are the authors’ 
own. They do not reect theofcial opinions or policy
of either the U.S. Army or the Pakistan Army.
 
59
Military review
M-Jun 2008
THE TALIBAN
m u .
t tb’  p   p  
 p   - pp.t v’   2002.
t  u.
3
t tb  p   su muPu. h,   a up up        a u u   u up  u’  b. t      v  ,   v, vp  Pu. s ax  326B.c.,     v a,   P, s,Ku, sk, hu, ab, tuk, m,B, ru,   , a  nato .
4
 f p,  Pu v      p. n up  v b b  ubu p.
5
t     u-bqu u  bb    bu  u. t Pu p      v,   u    qup    -v u  b  x .t    p  Pu—  tb—uk:
“A Pashtun is never at peace,except when he is at war.”
6
t Pu    p     u, v      u.
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 t “g g”   19 u pp  u p p   Pu.
8
i  v  Pu  u     p, u  a-a w (1839, 1878, 1919). a uuu p    a, ru  B    bu b    u.Bu  pv   , 1893  bu b B i a,  du l,   a       Pu v   b. t Bv uu u   b  B-i    b b  b ,  p   Pkf a tb a (fata)   p.
9
Pu    qu u  qu   20 u,   vb  a k u z s’u- u  (1973). t u u      cu Pp’d P  a  v v  1978. a’ vvu ,  b
mujahideen
,   ’   pk,  bubu  x,     p,pu u  ,   p-p     .
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 t sv U p p  a-  db 1979    u  i    u     i  p  mu ca pub   sv U’  u- b.
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t  u  uj    j. i p,  sv   bu uu p. i 10   up, sv   a u  p k1.3  a,   uu ub  u    u,  u5.5  a    u p  i Pk. (m   u    b b  Pk.)
12
 dp v v    , sv  v b   upp   u, p   Pu,  ub   v ,vu u  b  uj,   p b  sv (   v p).
13
i fbu 1989, sv   a. sx  b  ,  sv  v u  p  u  v. t u  pv  upp     pu, bu  -    v    . a v  , u   -u v pp   ap 1992.d   uj
 
 p qukv v. e        p  p. f bku,   p   p. s b     - ppu   v    tb’   k .
14
 
60
M-Jun 2008
Military review 
t    tb   Pu up,   Pk,    -v p v  wb i u  u (
talib
) p  uvvpp   u  p.
15
t u  p       p   ,  b,   v  tb, p v  -u u u    p.
16
t t- b’    Pu pp,    ppu p p.i nvb 1994,  tb    K  u a. t   u    u Pu  , mu mu o,   k  Pp mu     pub 
 
   “l   fu”
 
(
 Amir-ul-Momineen
).
17
t v,ub   p    t- b’ ,  o     “  ju  a, bu  mu.”
18
i pv  v        b   up    Pu uu.
19
t tb  p  p  b1997  95 p   u.
20
dp up,  up u   upp   u   a ppu- bu     x v i . t tb b v, u, ; pb     k u  ;  u  a’ -su ppu;  upp  su  up Pk. mu o    o b-l,   tb a-Q p     u  .o’ u  x B-l  9/11 op eu f (oef),    p p   tb  a-Q a. m tb   a ,     u-u         u.t -v ppu’ u xp -Pu     v-  Kbu v  u pu.i Pk’ fata  n w f Pv- (nwfP), Pu p   tbv b    Pk u .du  ru up  a, Pk-   U.s. u  fata  u p p uj, k  b  b  x. t pu  , bu   p,   ux a u   v.a  sv p,   uj( ab)    fata   bb b u . du  , u,,  uu ,  ’ v  tb’  vb. a 9/11 oef,     fata b upp   tb    Pk v bu   upp  oef.Pk   p v 100,000 p  p   fata  u   p u    tb  a. r, tb
An Afghan man passes by a line of abandoned Soviet military vehicles near Asadabad,Afghanistan, 24 December 1989, 10 months after the Russian withdrawal from the country.
   a   P   P   h  o   t  o ,   J  o  e   G       l

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