Mason TrangHour 5December 11, 2008
AP Physics Centripetal Force - Radius Lab
To find out if the amount of centripetal force needed to keep a body in orbit depends on theorbital radius (length of string).
If the orbital radius is increased, then the amount of centripetal force increases. Thecentripetal force increases because the further an object is from the source of force, the greater the forcehas to be to keep it moving at a constant velocity.
Independent (manipulated):length of string / orbital radiusDependant (responding):tension of stringControlled:mass and velocity
Two Meter Sticks
String with Plastic Tube and Rubber Stopper Attachediii.Tapeiv.Logger Pro Force Probev.Computer with Logger Pro Software b.Data Collection
Gather materials.ii.Use tape to attach plastic tube to meter stick.iii.Connect the force probe to the end of the string opposite from rubber stopper.iv.Zero the force probe.
Hold the force probe firmly to the meter stick at a selected distance so the orbital radiusstays constant. Distances used were: .68m, .74m, .80m, and .90m.
Measure the radius of the string (from rubber stopper to the plastic tube).vii.Swing the rubber stopper in circular motion above head.viii.Count the number of rotations in a 10 second interval.ix.Collect average force data with Logger Pro over 10second interval.
Calculate velocity for selected radius.
Choose a different radius and calculate necessary rotations in a 10 second interval tomaintain the same velocity of initial radius trial.
xii.Repeat steps v-x for four different radius measurements.c.Graphing in Exceli.Enter Radius and average Force in two separate columns.ii.Highlight radius and average force data and create a graph.iii.Label the x-axis with “Radius (m)” and the y-axis with “Force (N)”iv.Add a trend line
Create an adjusted graph with Radius
Find an n value that makes a linear graph and the R
value less than or equal to 1.