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Chapter 3 : Force & Pressure (Form 4)

# Chapter 3 : Force & Pressure (Form 4)

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02/06/2015

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Pressure
Pressure is defined as
force
acting
perpendicular
on a surface
area
.
Formula of Pressure
Factors affecting the magnitude of Pressure:
1. Magnitude of the force
:
The larger the force, the higher the pressure.
2. Contact area
:
The larger the contact area, the lower the pressure.
3. S.I. Unit of Pressure:
The S.I. unit of pressure is :

PascalNotes:
1Pa = 1 Nm
-2
Other units:
cmHg, atm
Application Involving High Pressure

Application InvolvingLow Pressure
Foundation of Building
Snow Shoes
Tyre of Tractor
Feet of Elephant
CHAPTER 3 : FORCE AND PRESSURE

Pressure in Liquid
Pressure in liquid is
due to the weight of the liquid
acting on the surface of any objectsin the liquid.Formula: Pressure Caused by LiquidP = Pressureh = depthρ = density of liquid
Example 1
Figure above shows a fish in a lake. Find the pressure of water exerted on the fish.(Density of water = 1000kg/m
3
) Answer:Pressure caused by water,P =
hρg
P = (3-1.8)(1000)(10)=12000Pa

Formula: Pressure in Liquid
P = PressureP
atm
= Atmospheric Pressureh = Depthρ = Density of liquidg = Gravitational Field Strength
Characteristic 1:
The pressure in a liquid

increases with depth
.
Characteristic 2:
The pressure at any point of a liquid
acts equally in all direction
.