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Welded Joints2

Welded Joints2

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Published by Milan D Saint
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Published by: Milan D Saint on Feb 19, 2013
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02/19/2013

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Module
10
Design of Permanent Joints
Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur
 
 
Lesson
4
Design of Welded Joints
Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur
 
 
Instructional Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, the students should be able to understand:
Possible failure mechanisms in welded joints.
How to design various kinds of welding joints.
1. Design of a butt joint:
 The main failure mechanism of welded butt joint is tensile failure. Therefore the strength of a butt joint is
 T
P slt
=
 where =allowable tensile strength of the weld material.
 T
s
=thickness of the weld
t
=length of the weld.
l
For a square butt joint is equal to the thickness of the plates. In general,this need not be so (seefigure 1).
t
 
lt
2
t
1
 
t=t
1
+t
2
Figure 10.4.1: Design of a butt joint
2. Design of transverse fillet joint:
Consider a single transverse joint as shown infigure 10.4.2. The generalstress distribution in the weld metal is very complicated. In design, a simpleprocedure is used assuming that entire load
P
acts as shear force on thethroat area, which is the smallest area of the cross section in a fillet weld. If the fillet weld has equal base and height, (
h
, say), then the cross section of Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur

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