general waste using dedicated bins and collection vehicles are sorted directly from mixed wastestreams and are known as kerb-side recycling, it requires the owner of the waste to separate itinto various different bins (typically wheelie bins) prior to its collection.The most common consumer products recycled include aluminium such as beverage cans,copper such as wire, steel food and aerosol cans, old steel furnishings or equipment, polyethylene and PET bottles, glass bottles and jars, paperboard cartons, newspapers, magazinesand light paper, and corrugated fiberboard boxes.
Recoverable materials that are organic in nature, such as plant material, food scraps, and paper products, can be recovered through composting and digestion processes to decompose theorganic matter. The resulting organic material is then recycled as mulch or compost for agricultural or landscaping purposes.
Compost organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer andsoil amendment. Compost is a key ingredient in organic farming.
Anaerobic digestion is a series of processes in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. It is used for industrial or domestic purposes to manage waste and/or to release energy. Much of the fermentation used industrially to produce food and drink products, as well as home fermentation, uses anaerobic digestion. Silageis produced by anaerobic digestion.
Microbial fuel cell:
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) or biological fuel cell is a bio-electrochemical system that drives acurrent by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature. Mediator-less MFCs are a morerecent development; due to this, factors that affect optimum efficiency, such as the strain of bacteria used in the system, type of ion-exchange membrane, and system conditions(temperature, pH, etc.) are not particularly well understood.
Waste handling and transport
Waste collection methods vary widely among different countries and regions. Domestic wastecollection services are often provided by local government authorities, or by private companiesin the industry. Some areas, especially those in less developed countries, do not have a formalwaste-collection system. Examples of waste handling systems include:
In Europe and a few other places around the world, a few communities use a proprietarycollection system known as Envac, which conveys refuse via underground conduits usinga vacuum system. Other vacuum-based solutions include the MetroTaifun single-line andring-line systems.