What physical adaptation do cave swiftlets have to navigate through the dark caves to their nests?a.
How do they build nests without any materials in the cave to use?13.
What is the name for the calcite formations that hang from the ceilings?14.
What is the name for the calcite formations that grow from the floor?
Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico
This is a large peninsula that reaches into the Gulf of Mexico from the southern part of Mexico. It can be found at 18º North, 89º West. Mark it on your map on the last page.16.
As this part of Mexico has no lakes or rivers, what did the Maya use as a source of fresh water?17.
What is the relationship between the cenotes and the lush forests at the surface?18.
The mixing saltwater and freshwater form layers because the saltwater is ( more / less ) dense.19.
Saltwater does not dissolve limestone like freshwater. How then, are sea caves formed?20.
How are the Big Eyes similar to bats?21.
Neither the bats nor the cave snakes are able to actually see in the cave. Explain what special sensoryadaptation each has to allow it to navigate through the darkness.22.
What are troglobites?23.
For each of the troglobites shown, describe what unique adaptations they have evolved specifically for the cave environment.a.
Cave angel fish
Texas cave salamander
Evolution can result in the development of new adaptations, as well as the loss of vestigial structuresthat are no longer useful. What vestigial structures have been lost by the troglobites?