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CALCULUS: DIFFERENTIATION-III

# CALCULUS: DIFFERENTIATION-III

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09/14/2011

DIFFERENTIATION
DERIVATIVE OF HIGHER ORDER
If a function
f
is differentiable, we get a new function
f
, which is its derivative

. If
f
is itself differentiable, then we can form its derivative too, called the
second derivative of  f
, and denoted by
f
.
. For
y
=
f x
` a
this is also written as
f
.
x
` a
or
2
ydx
2
ffffffffffff
or y
.
etc.Similarly by differentiation of successive derivatives we can find the third, fourth, fifthderivatives etc. These are denoted by
f
n
` a
x
=
y
n
which means the
n-th
derivative of
f(x).
Example : Find the second and third derivative of
f x
` a
=
x
4
@
2
x
3
+
9
x
2
@
3
x
Solution :
f x
` a
=
x
4
@
2
x
3
+
9
x
2
@
3
x f
x
` a
=
4
x
3
@
23
x
2
b c
+
92
x
` a
@
31
` a
=
4
x
3
@
6
x
2
+
18
x
@
3
f
.
x
` a
=
12
x
2
@
12
x
+
18
f
/
x
` a
=
24
x
@
12 Example : Find the second derivative of
f x
` a
=
2sin
x
+
3cos
2
x
Solution :

f x
` a
=
f x
` a
=
2sin
x
+
3cos
2
x f
x
` a
=
dx
ffffffff
2sin
x
` a
+
dx
ffffffff
3cos
2
x
b c
=
2cos
x
+
32cos
x
` a
@
sin
x
` a
=
2cos
x
@
6sin
x
cos
x f
.
x
` a
=
dx
ffffffff
2cos
x
` a
@
dx
ffffffff
6sin
x
cos
x
` a
=
@
2sin
x
@
6sin
x
@
sin
x
` a
+
cos
x
cos
x
` aB C
=
@
2sin
x
@
6cos
2
x
@
sin
2
x
b c
=
@
2sin
x
@
6cos2
x
Example : If
y
=
sin
x
+
cos
x
prove that
2
ydx
2
ffffffffffff
+
y
=
0 Solution :
y
=
sin
x
+
cos
xdydx
ffffffff
=
dx
ffffffff
sin
x
` a
+
dx
ffffffff
cos
x
` a
=
cos
x
@
sin
x
2
ydx
2
ffffffffffff
=
dx
ffffffff
dydx
ffffffff
f g
=
dx
ffffffff
cos
x
@
sin
x
` a
=
@
sin
x
@
cos
x
=
@
y
#
2
ydx
2
ffffffffffff
+
y
=
0

DIFFERENTIATION OFINVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
Please recall the inverse trigonometric functions and their applicable domains. Thesefunctions are differentiable in their domains and their derivatives can be found using thelimit definition of derivative. The results are summarized below :1
A
If f x
` a
=
sin
@
1
x
=
Arcsin x with
@
π
2
fffff
f x
` a
π
2
fffff
,then
x
` a
=
11
@
x
2
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww fffffffffffffffffffffffffff
2
A
If f x
` a
=
cos
@
1
x
=
Arccosx with
0
f x
` a
π
,then
x
` a
=
@
11
@
x
2
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww fffffffffffffffffffffffffff
3
A
If f x
` a
=
tan
@
1
x
=
Arctan x with
@
π
2
fffff
f x
` a
π
2
fffff
,then
x
` a
=
11
+
x
2
ffffffffffffffffff
4
A
If f x
` a
=
cot
@
1
x
=
Arccot x with
0<
f x
` a
<
π
,then
x
` a
=
@
11
+
x
2
ffffffffffffffffff
5
A
If f x
` a
=
sec
@
1
x
=
Arcsec x with
0
f x
` a
π
, f x
` a
π
2
fffff
then
x
` a
=
1
x x
2
@
1
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff
6
A
If f x
` a
=
csc
@
1
x
=
Arccsc x with
@
π
2
fffff
f x
` a
π
2
fffff
, f x
` a
0
,then
x
` a
=
@
1
x x
2
@
1
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff
Example : Find
f
x
` a
if f x
` a
=
sin
@
1
3
x
` a

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