Contextualism describes a collection of views in philosophy which emphasize the context in which anaction, utterance, or expression occurs, and argues that, in some important respect, the action, utterance, or expression can only be understood relative to that context. Contextualist views hold that philosophicallycontroversial concepts, such as "meaning P", "knowing that P", "having a reason to A", and possibly even"being true" or "being right" only have meaning relative to a specified context. Some philosophers holdthat context-dependence may lead to relativism; nevertheless, contextualist views are increasingly popular within philosophy.~
(n.)early 15c., from Latin contextus "a joining together," originally pp. of contexere "to weave together," fromcom- "together" (see com-) + texere "to weave" (see texture).~
(n.)late 14c., "wording of anything written," from Old French texte, Old North French tixte (12c.), fromMedieval Latin textus "the Scriptures, text, treatise," in Late Latin "written account, content, charactersused in a document," from Latin textus "style or texture of a work," literally "thing woven," from pp. stemof texere "to weave," from PIE root *tek- "make" (see texture).
“An ancient metaphor: thought is a thread, and the raconteur is a spinner of yarns -- butthe true storyteller, the poet, is a weaver. The scribes made this old and audibleabstraction into a new and visible fact. After long practice, their work took on such aneven, flexible texture that they called the written page a textus, which means cloth.[Robert Bringhurst, "The Elements of Typographic Style"]~ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=text&allowed_in_frame=0
lit·er·al·ism (ltr--lzm)n.1. Adherence to the explicit sense of a given text or doctrine.2. Literal portrayal; realism.
Simulacra are copies that depict things that either had no reality to begin with, or that no longer have anoriginal. Simulation is the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system over time.~