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Math 7370-Lecture 14

Math 7370-Lecture 14

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Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.
Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.

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11/09/2013

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Sean LiMath 7370 Notes
Spring 2013Algebraic Number TheoryLecture 14
2/20/13
ZQ
R
Continuation. Tr(
e
i
e
j
) =
δ
ij
. We showed that
R
is a ﬁnitely generated
Z
-module. Then
R
isNoetherian as a
Z
module implies
R
is Noetherian as an
R
-module implies
R
is a Noetherianring.
The Noetherian condition.
The ascending chain condition. There is no inﬁnite strictlyascending chain of submodules.We make a claim about the following exact sequence.0
N M
0
f g
Claim.
is Noetherian
N,
are Noetherian.
Proof.
(
) Given an ascending chain
i
, look at the chains
i
=
i
,
i
=
g
(
i
).Then both (
i
) and (
i
) stabilize at
i
=
n
for some
n
.Let
1
2
···
. Suppose for all
k > n
,
n
k
. Consider
m
k
k
, and consider
g
(
m
k
) =
p
k
k
=
g
(
k
). Then
p
k
=
p
n
for some
p
n
n
. Let
m
n
be an inverse imageunder
g
of
p
n
in
n
. Then
m
n
m
k
k
=
n
.
Let
=
Q
[
√
d
]. (We may assume that
d
is a squarefree integer.)
Note.
The following are equivalent:
α
is integral.
It satisﬁes a monic polynomial equation over
Z
.