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Math 7370-Lecture 14Ratings: (0)|Views: 5|Likes: 0

Published by Sean Li

Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.

Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/126440415/Math-7370-Lecture-14

11/09/2013

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Sean LiMath 7370 Notes

−

Spring 2013Algebraic Number TheoryLecture 14

−

2/20/13

ZQ

R F

Continuation. Tr(

e

i

e

∗

j

) =

δ

ij

. We showed that

R

is a ﬁnitely generated

Z

-module. Then

R

isNoetherian as a

Z

module implies

R

is Noetherian as an

R

-module implies

R

is a Noetherianring.

The Noetherian condition.

The ascending chain condition. There is no inﬁnite strictlyascending chain of submodules.We make a claim about the following exact sequence.0

N M P

0

f g

Claim.

M

is Noetherian

⇐⇒

N,P

are Noetherian.

Proof.

(

⇐

) Given an ascending chain

M

i

, look at the chains

N

i

=

M

i

∩

N

,

P

i

=

g

(

M

i

).Then both (

N

i

) and (

P

i

) stabilize at

i

=

n

for some

n

.Let

M

1

⊂

M

2

⊂ ···

. Suppose for all

k > n

,

M

n

⊂

M

k

. Consider

m

k

∈

M

k

, and consider

g

(

m

k

) =

p

k

∈

P

k

=

g

(

M

k

). Then

p

k

=

p

n

for some

p

n

∈

P

n

. Let

m

n

be an inverse imageunder

g

of

p

n

in

M

n

. Then

m

n

−

m

k

∈

N

k

=

N

n

.

Quadratic Case.

Let

F

=

Q

[

√

d

]. (We may assume that

d

is a squarefree integer.)

Note.

The following are equivalent:

•

α

is integral.

•

It satisﬁes a monic polynomial equation over

Z

.

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