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2012TRML團體賽詳解

# 2012TRML團體賽詳解

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02/21/2013

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text

original

1

6

2012 TRML

1.

2
41
x y
=

01043
=+
y x

A
,
B

O

OAB

[
]
=+=
01043 41
2
y x x y
0103
2
=+
x x

(
x
+ 5 )(
x

2 )=0

x
=
5or
x
=2

(
5,

425)
( 2, 1 )
OAB

=435|2255|21|124255|21
==
2.

1

cba
++
，其中
a
,
b
,
c

=++
cba

[
]
：如右圖所示，注意到扇形半徑
=
OT
=
3
OO
+
O
3
=(
22
)32(1
++
)+1=
)3344(1
+++
=1+1228
+
=1+261)62(2)62(
++=×++
=
cba
++

=++
cba
6+2+1=93.

n

18

3

n

18
n
，則滿足上述條件的
n

[
]
1
st
method
18|
n

2
×
3
2
|
n

n
=2
a
3
b
a
1,
b
2,
a
,
b
N.
(
a
+1)(
a
+1)
18
n
=2
a
1
3
b
2

a
1 2 3 45

b
2~4 2~3 2~3 2~3

n
3+2+2+2=9
2
nd
method

n
=2
•3

1
2
n

18
n
= 2
1
•3
2

(
+1)(
+1 )
2
1
•3
2

2

6

=1
2(
+1 )
•3
2
=2, 3, 4

=2
3(
+1 )
2•3
2
(
+1 )
2•3
3
=2, 3

=3
(
+1 )
•3
2
=2, 3, 4

= 4
5(
+1 )
8•3
2
=2

=5
6(
+1 )
16•3
2

(
+1 )
8•3
3
=2

6

3+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1=9

4.

126

8

4

4000

6

2

6000

10000

8000

16

[
]
：設大房間
x

y

++
++
0 , 0 804563340 , 0 168.0 12668
y x y x y x y x y x y x

f
(
x
,
y
)=1.6
x
+1.2
y

34
< 0
(
x
, y ) ( 12, 5 ) ( 0, 20 )(463, 0 )16000
x
+ 12000
y
252000 240000 252000

f
(
x
,
y
)=1.6
x
+1.2
y

(12, 5)

f
( 12 , 5 )=1.6
12

+1.2
5=19.2 + 6 =25.2

=252000
5.

L
21
z y x
==

( )
0,1,1
P
,
( )
0,2,1
Q
。若
M

L

MQ MP
+

[
]
：設
H
( 1+

, t
,

2
)
=(
,

1
,
2
)

=(
,

1
,
2
)
)2,1,1(
=
v
v

(
,

1
,
2
)•)2,1,1( =0
+(

1)+ 2
=0
4
=1
=41
H
(45
,
41,

42)
)22 ,21 ,23(
P

3

6

MQ MP
+

7428)22()25()21(
222
==++=
QP

2
nd
method
M
(
+1
, t
,

2
)

MQ MP
+
=
222
)2()1(
++
+
222
)2()2(
++
=
124
2
+
+
444
2
+
=
22
)3()1(
+
+
22
)3()2(
+

A
(
,3
)
y
=3
x

B
(1, 0)
(2, 0)

B

y
=3
x

+==
31313
x y x y

(41,43)
，得
B

y
=3
x

B
(21
,23)
，則

MQ MP
+
=
B AC  AB
+
=7)023()221(
22
=+

3
rd
method
(
+1
, t
,

2
)

L

E
1
,
E
2

P
Q
L

=++=++
32:22:
21
z y x E   z y x E
，且
(
E
1
,
E
2
)=
21)2(11 |32|
222
=++

222
)2()1(
++
=
124
2
+
=
2343)41(4
2
+
(
P
,
L
)=23

222
)2()2(
++
=+
444
2
+
=
33)21(4
2
+
(
Q
,
L
)=3

MQ MP
+

22222 212
)21()233()21()323(),()),(),((
+=++=++
E  E  LQ LP
=
741427
=+