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Battery Cells

Battery Cells

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Published by ClassOf1.com
A device which is used as a source of e.m.f. and which works on the principle of conversion of chemical energy into an electrical energy, is called a cell. But practically the voltage of a single cell is not sufficient to use in any practical application.
A device which is used as a source of e.m.f. and which works on the principle of conversion of chemical energy into an electrical energy, is called a cell. But practically the voltage of a single cell is not sufficient to use in any practical application.

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Published by: ClassOf1.com on Feb 21, 2013
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Engineering
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Sub: Engineering Topic: Electrical Engineering
*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Battery Cells
A device which is used as a source of e.m.f. and which works on the principle of conversion of chemical energy into an electrical energy, is called a cell. But practically the voltage of a single cell isnot sufficient to use in any practical application. Hence various cells are connected in series orparallel to obtain the required voltage level. The combination of various cells, to obtain the desiredvoltage level is called a battery. The conductors of electricity can be classified in two categories as,1.
Non electrolytes:
Conductors which are not affected by the flow of current through them are nonelectrolytes. The examples are metals, alloys, carbon and some other materials.2.
Electrolytes:
Conductors which undergo decomposition due to the flow of current through themare electrolytes.The examples are various acids, bases, salt solutions and molten salts. In any cell, two differentconducting materials are immersed in an electrolyte. The chemical reaction which results inseparates the charges forming a new solution. The charges get accumulated on the conductors. Suchcharged conductors are called electrodes. The positively charged conductor is called anode while thenegatively charged conductor is called cathode. Thus the charge accumulated on the electrodescreates a potential difference between the two conductors.The conductor ends are brought out as the terminals of the cell, for connecting the cell to an externalcircuit. The terminals are marked as positive and negative. Thus the chemical energy gets convertedto an electrical energy. Hence the cell is an electrochemical device.The chemical action in the cellcontinuously separates the charges to maintain the required terminal voltage.
 
 
Sub: Engineering Topic: Electrical Engineering
*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Types of Cells:
 The two types of cells are,1.
Primary Cells:
The chemical action in such cells is not reversible and hence the entire cell isrequired to be replaced by a new one if the cell is down. The primary cells can produce only a limitedamount of energy. Mostly the nonelectrolytes are used for the primary cells. The various examples of primary cells are zinc-carbon dry cell, zinc chloride cell, alkaline cells, mercury cell etc.2.
Secondary Cells:
The chemical action in such cells is reversible. Thus if cell is down, it can becharged to regain its original state, by using one of the charging methods. In charging, the electricalenergy is injected to the cell by passing a current in the opposite direction through it In such cells, theelectrical energy is stored in the form of chemical energy and the secondary cells are also calledstorage cells, accumulators or rechargeable cells. These are used to produce large amount of energy.The various types of secondary cells are Lead-acid cell, Nickel-cadmium alkaline cell etc. The mostcommonly used secondary cell is a Lead-acid cell or Lead-acid battery.

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