Sub: Engineering Topic: Electrical Engineering
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
A device which is used as a source of e.m.f. and which works on the principle of conversion of chemical energy into an electrical energy, is called a cell. But practically the voltage of a single cell isnot sufficient to use in any practical application. Hence various cells are connected in series orparallel to obtain the required voltage level. The combination of various cells, to obtain the desiredvoltage level is called a battery. The conductors of electricity can be classified in two categories as,1.
Conductors which are not affected by the flow of current through them are nonelectrolytes. The examples are metals, alloys, carbon and some other materials.2.
Conductors which undergo decomposition due to the flow of current through themare electrolytes.The examples are various acids, bases, salt solutions and molten salts. In any cell, two differentconducting materials are immersed in an electrolyte. The chemical reaction which results inseparates the charges forming a new solution. The charges get accumulated on the conductors. Suchcharged conductors are called electrodes. The positively charged conductor is called anode while thenegatively charged conductor is called cathode. Thus the charge accumulated on the electrodescreates a potential difference between the two conductors.The conductor ends are brought out as the terminals of the cell, for connecting the cell to an externalcircuit. The terminals are marked as positive and negative. Thus the chemical energy gets convertedto an electrical energy. Hence the cell is an electrochemical device.The chemical action in the cellcontinuously separates the charges to maintain the required terminal voltage.