Sub: Engineering Topic: Electrical Engineering
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
With the widespread establishment of the power grids, the power transmission is usually associatedmost with the transmission of electrical power. The alternating current is normally preferred as itsvoltage can be easily stepped up by using any transformer in order to minimize the resistive loss inthe conductors used to transmit power over great distances; another set of transformers is requiredto step it back down to safer or more usable voltage levels at destination. Power transmission isusually performed with the overhead lines as this is the most economical way to do so.Electrical power transmission has replaced mechanical power transmission in all but the veryshortest distances. From the 16th century through the industrial revolution to the end of the 19thcentury mechanical power transmission was the norm. The oldest long-distance power transmissiontechnology involved systems of push- connecting waterwheels to distant mine-drainage and brine-well pumps This technology survived into the 21st century in a handful of oilfields in the US,transmitting power from a central pumping engine to the numerous pump-jacks in the oil field.Factories were fitted with overhead line shafts providing the proper rotary power. Short line-shaftsystems were described by the Agricola connecting a waterwheel to numerous ore-processingmachines while the machines described by Agricola used geared connections from the shafts to themachinery, by the 19th century, even the drive belts would become the norm for linking individualmachines to the line shafts. One mid 19th century factory had 1,948 feet of line shafting with 541pulleys.Mechanical power may be transmitted directly using a solid structure such as a driveshaft whosetransmission gears can adjust the amount of torque and force in much the same way an electricaltransformer adjusts the current and voltage.