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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction and Scope
1.1 General Introduction to the Research Area
1.1.1 Pressure over wastewater systems
1.2 Urban Wastewater System Definitions
1.2.1 The sewer network
1.2.2 The wastewater treatment plant
1.2.3 The receiving water system
1.3 Design of Urban Wastewater Systems
1.3.1 Empirical iterative approach – static design
1.3.2 Prediction design approach – dynamic design
1.4 Integrated Urban Wastewater System
1.5 Problem Statement and Scope of the Research
1.6 Outline of the Chapters
2 State of the Art in Optimal Design and Control of Urban Wastewater Systems
2.1 Optimal Design of Urban Wastewater Systems
2.1.1 Optimal design of sewer networks
2.1.2 Optimal design of wastewater treatment plant
2.1.3 Optimal waste load allocation
2.1.4 Optimal design of the integrated urban wastewater system
2.2 Mathematical Optimization
2.2.1 Definition of the optimization problem
2.2.2 Definition of Pareto terminology
2.2.3 Overview of optimization methods
2.3 Modelling Tools for Urban Wastewater System Components
2.3.1 Modelling the components of the urban wastewater system
2.3.2 Integrated modelling software
2.3.3 Limitations in the integration of models
2.4 Conclusions
3 Framework for Optimum Design and Control of Urban Wastewater Systems
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Conceptual Framework for Model Based Design and Control
3.2.1 Identify the problem
3.2.2 Design the urban wastewater system components
3.2.3 Design of the control strategy
3.2.4 Implement the model of the system
3.2.5 Generate new design alternatives and select the best solutions
3.2.6 Post-process optimum solutions
3.3 Data Requirements
3.4 Integrated Modelling Tool of Urban Wastewater System
3.4.1 Requirements of the integrated urban wastewater modelling tool
3.4.2 Modelling sewer system
3.4.3 Modelling the wastewater treatment plant
3.4.4 Modelling rivers
3.4.5 Integration of the modelling tools
3.5 Multi-Objective Optimization Tool
3.5.1 Selection of the algorithm for optimization
3.5.2 Description of non-sorted genetic algorithm NSGA-II
3.5.3 Steps in the optimization
3.6 Case Studies
3.7 Conclusions
4 Design of an Urban Wastewater System for Cali
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Description of the Urban Wastewater System of Sector 1A in Cali
4.2.1 Description of the urban catchment and drainage
4.2.2 Description of the wastewater treatment plant
4.2.3 Description of the Lili River
4.2.4 Formulation of the problem and objectives
4.3 Data and Methods
4.4 Preliminary Design of the Urban Wastewater System
4.4.1 Design of the sewer network
4.4.2 Design of the wastewater treatment plant
4.4.3 Functional design of the urban wastewater system
4.5 Development of the Integrated Model
4.5.1 Sewer model
4.5.2 Wastewater treatment plant model
4.5.3 River Lili model
4.6 Performance of the Pre-Design Urban Wastewater System
4.6.1 Definition of the performance indicators
4.7 Optimum Design of the Sewer Network
4.7.1 Definition of the system to be optimized
4.7.2 Definition of the inputs and outputs of the system
4.7.3 Definition of the objective function and constraints
4.7.4 Response surfaces for the design of sewer network for Sector 1A
4.8 Setting up the optimization algorithm
4.8.1 Modification of the operators of NSGAII
4.8.2 Initial population
4.9 Results of the Optimization of the Sewer Network Design
4.9.1 Optimization of pipe diameters using one precipitation event
4.9.2 Optimization of pipe diameters using three precipitation events
4.9.4 Optimization of the integrated urban wastewater system
4.10 Discussion
4.11 Conclusion
5 Functional Design of Gouda Wastewater Treatment Plant
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Gouda Urban Wastewater System
5.2.1 Sewer system description
5.2.2 Wastewater treatment plant description
5.2.3 Functional design of Gouda wastewater treatment plant
5.2.4 Performance of the wastewater treatment plant
5.2.5 Formulation of the problem and objectives
5.3 Data and Methods
5.4 Integrated Model of Gouda Wastewater System
5.5 Model of the drainage network of Gouda
5.5.1 Characterization and modelling of sewer outflows
5.5.2 Characterization and modelling of the wastewater components
5.6 Model of the Wastewater Treatment Plant of Gouda
5.6.1 Characterisation of flows and water quality components
5.6.2 Calibration of steady conditions
5.6.3 Verification for dynamic conditions
5.7 Functional Design of Gouda WwTP Using MoDeCo Approach
5.7.1 Limiting factors of the N and P removal processes
5.7.2 Definition of the system
5.7.3 Definition of the inputs and outputs of the system
5.7.4 Definition of the objective function and constraints
5.7.5 Response surfaces of internal recycle and dissolved oxygen
5.7.6 Optimization of WwTP set points
5.7.7 Increasing the degrees of freedom of WwTP by adding a carbon source
5.8 Anticipatory Control of Gouda WwTP
5.8.1 Framework for anticipatory control of Gouda wastewater system
5.8.2 Forecast of precipitation events
5.8.3 Forecast of disturbance in the WwTP
5.10 Conclusion
6 Use of Cloud Computing and Surrogate Modelling in Optimization Processes2
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Parallel Computing Optimization
6.2.1 Parallel computing algorithms
6.2.2 Parallel computer architecture and cloud computing
6.3 Surrogate Model Based Design Optimization
6.3.1 Surrogate models
6.3.2 Function of subrogate models
6.4 Formulation of the Problem and Objectives
6.5 Data and Methods
6.5.1 Methodology for multi-objective optimization using parallel computing
6.5.2 Methodology for multi-objective optimization using surrogate modelling
6.5.3 Case study – optimum design of a sewer network for Cali - Colombia
6.6 Results of Optimization Using Parallelization and Cloud Computing
6.6.1 Evaluation of instances with sequential optimization algorithm
6.6.2 Evaluation of different clusters with parallel optimization algorithm
6.7 Results of Optimization Using Surrogate Models
6.7.1 Optimization using process-based model
6.7.2 Optimization using surrogate modelling approach
6.8 Discussion
6.9 Conclusion
7 Conclusions and Recommendations
7.1 Conclusions
7.1.1 Benefits of the design using MoDeCo approach
7.1.2 Limitations of the design using MoDeCo approach
7.1.3 Reduction of computing time
7.2 Recommendations
7.2.1 Recommendations for practical applications
7.2.2 Recommendations for further research
8 Appendix
8.1 History of urban wastewater systems
8.2 Case Study of Cali
8.3 Case Study of Gouda
9 References
10 About the Author
11 Samenvatting
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Unesco-ihe Phd Velez Thesis

Unesco-ihe Phd Velez Thesis

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Published by: dobridorin on Feb 21, 2013
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