A New Switching Algorithm in Back toBack CHB Multilevel Converters with theAdvantage of Eliminating Isolation Stage
Mohsen Asoodar School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehran, Iranasoodar@kth.seHossein Iman-EiniSchool of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehran, Iranimaneini@ut.ac.ir
—Back to Back CHB Multilevel converters havebeen widely considered in high power applications; however,there are certain drawbacks which restrict the use of thesestructures. In this paper, a new switching algorithm isintroduced for a back to back cascaded H-bridge (CHB)converter with the ability to regulate the DC bus voltages to areference value and produce a low frequency output voltage. Themain purpose of this novel switching algorithm is to eliminatethe need for an isolation stage between the H-bridge cells. Theproposed back to back converter can connect directly to MVlevels and correct the input power factor, even if the output loadis non-linear. In order to limit the switching loss, a maximumswitching frequency of 3kHz has been chosen for the line sideconverter; furthermore, to eliminate a specific harmoniccomponent, the load side converter is modulated through theselective harmonic elimination method. Using the predictivecurrent control method for the rectifier, the input current isprogrammed to be sinusoidal and in phase with the inputvoltage; in addition, the current distortion is kept below 5% atmaximum power consumption. The validity and effectiveness of the proposed method is verified through simulations on a 5-levelback to back converter in the MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.
INTRODUCTIONIn recent years there has been an immense interest of research on multilevel power converters. This is due to their extensive usage in high-voltage/high-power applications.Moreover, multilevel inverters have shown some advantagesin comparison to conventional inverters. The most prominent benefits in using multilevel inverters are their low voltagedistortion, less
, less input current distortion, and their ability to operate under low switching frequencies .The main aim in multilevel inverters is to create asinusoidal voltage from several voltage levels. As the number of levels increases, the THD and
of the output voltagewill decrease; however, increasing the voltage levels will leadto a more complex control algorithm, especially for the back to back multilevel structure where the DC links have to beequally balanced. Three major topologies have been presentedfor multilevel structures: cascaded H-bride , , , diodeclamped , and capacitor clamped , ,  converters.The cascaded structure is chosen in this paper since it hassome advantages amongst other multilevel structures:
This structure requires the least number of components among other structures to create thesame voltage level .
The CHB converter is extremely modular and can beeasily extended to different voltage and power levels.
Moreover, soft switching can be used in thisstructure in order to eliminate the need for lossysnubbers .Many rectifying control methods have been proposed for multilevel rectifiers such as the Proportion Resonance (PR)controller , the hysteresis current controller, and the predictive current controller. The PR controller and thefixed hysteresis band current controller have the drawback of random switching frequency. On the other hand, the predictive current controller has the advantage to operateunder a fixed and lower switching frequency and therefore,this controlling method is used in this paper.Back to back cascaded H-bridge structures have mostly been used for high-voltage drives  and power electronictransformer . These structures can also be used inapplications such as high voltage electronic tap changers and high voltage cycloconverters . The back to back cascaded H-bridge structure has been mainly introduced witha coupled isolating device for each H-bridge. The mainchallenge in this paper is to eliminate the isolating deviceswithout destabilizing the DC voltage links to create smaller,cheaper and more applicable back to back multilevelstructures.II.
Conventional structures and difficulties
There are three typical isolating methods for back to back multilevel structures. The first design consists of isolatingtransformers at the input of each H-bridge. Due to the lowfrequency voltage (50Hz) of these transformers, the magneticcores are usually very bulky to prevent the core saturation;furthermore, these bulky cores are usually heavy whichincreases the overall weight of the back to back structure. Thesecond method is to install the isolation stage at the outputlinks of the back to back structure. This design has the same
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