012 4th International Conference on Intelligent and Advanced Systems
Higher Voltage Level and Lower Total HarmonicDistortion in a New Setting up Multilevel Inverter
, E. Afjei
, M. Rafiee
1- Department of Electrical Eng., Shahid Beheshti University G.C., Tehran, IRAN.
2- Department of Electrical Eng., Shahid Beheshti University G.C., Tehran, IRAN.
3- Young Researchers Club, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN.
Department of Electrical Eng., Shahid Beheshti University G.C., Tehran, IRAN.
In this paper some new multilevel invertertopologies, their characteristics and also block diagram arepresented. They are essentially based on cascade multilevelinverter with the same number of switches and separated dcsources. The paper is illustrated that increasing the number of output waveform levels in the topologies reduces the low orderharmonics and also the total harmonic distortion which are soharmful and trouble maker in power electronic devices. It'sshown that one of the presented multilevel inverter topologiesuses a method which reduces the number of in use switches. Theeffect of higher DC link voltage on multilevel inverters is alsoexplained. A new topology of multilevel inverter is presentedtoo which has the highest number of output voltage levels due tothe number of the cells which is made it so operational. Thetopologies MATLAB simulation comparison results arepresented as well.
Cascade Multilevel Inverter, Total HarmonicDistortion, Output waveform levels.I.
Inverters are very popular power electronic deviceswhich are widely used in adjustable speed motor drivers, power supplies and photovoltaic cells. These devices areused to create single or poly phase AC voltage from a dcsource [1, 2]. The inverter sinusoidal output waveformcauses the output harmonics to be optimized .The presented inverters in this paper are:A) Cascade H-bridgeB) Incremental cascade H-bridgeC) Incremental cascade I–bridgeD) Incremental – reduction cascade H-bridgeE) Combined cell cascadeMore details on these multilevel topologies arehighlighted later.In this paper, after presenting the 5 multilevel inverters block diagram, their features, and also output waveforms,their MATLAB simulation comparison results are declared.A new structure of multilevel inverter is presented whichsignificantly increases the number of output voltage levelsfor the same number of stages which is reduced the loworder harmonics and also the total harmonic distortion(THD). Elimination of low order harmonics and reduction of THD in the output voltage are generally desired becausetheir filtering is so hard.It's also explained that how using a technique in atopology, helps decreasing of the switches number. As well,it's declared that how the cell with higher DC link voltagehas lower switching frequency which causes reduction inswitching losses.I.
ASCADE STRUCTURE MULTILEVEL INVERTER
The basic features of various cascade multileveltopologies are summarized in this section.The output voltage waveform and the harmonic chart of each topology are also presented .
Cascade H-bridge multilevel inverter
Fig. 1 shows the block diagram of a single phase leg of the cascade H-bridge multilevel inverter. The outputwaveform levels consist of S×V
where S is the number of the separated dc sources or the number of the cells. Thenumber of levels in the output waveform is equal to 2S+1.Fig. 2 illustrates the output waveform and the harmonicchart of a cascade H-bridge multilevel inverter using S=2.The 5 levels of the output are ±1V
and 0. Note thatthe dc source has the voltage value of 10v.
Incremental cascade H-bridge
This section introduces a topology based on the cascadeH-bridge named incremental cascade H-bridge (Fig. 3). Itincreases the number of output waveform levels therebyconsiderably reduces the low order harmonics and also THD.
Figure 1. Cascade H-bridge multilevel inverter.
978-1-4577-1967-7/12/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE
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