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Table Of Contents

TRANSLATION DEPENDS ON TRANSFER
Transfer and translation work on distance
Transfer is a precondition for translation
Exactly what is transferred?
Translation can be intralingual or interlingual
Translation can be approached from transfer
Transfer can be approached through translation
How these approaches are used in this essay
EQUIVALENCE DEFINES TRANSLATION
Equivalence could be all things to all theorists
Equivalence is directional and subjectless
Equivalence is asymmetrical
Value is an economic term
Equivalence is an economic term
Equivalence is not a natural relation between systems
Equivalence has become unfashionable
The translator is anonymous
The utterance “I am translating” is necessarily false
Can interpreters say they are frightened?
Third persons allow translators to talk
Does anyone speak Redford’s language?
Third persons can conflict
Ideal equivalence can be challenged
Quantity is of practical and theoretical importance
A. Transliteration (absolute equivalence)
The proper name is sometimes improper
B. Double presentation (strong relative equivalence)
Relative equivalence presents asymmetry
Relative equivalence tends to paraphrase (“La Movida” moves)
Why translational paraphrase tends to stop at sentence level
C. Single presentation (weak relative equivalence)
Single presentation hides at least one quantity
Notes are expansion by another name
Abbreviation and deletion can be difficult to justify
Authoritative subjectivity allows addition and deletion
Expansion and addition can run into political trouble
D. Multiple presentation (contradictory equivalence)
Some translations become originals
Some translations last as monuments
Transfer and translation work against belonging
There are no solo performances
Distance can break performance
Transferability has second-person thresholds
Textual worlds increase transferability
Transfer may call for explication
Absolute explicitness is rarely transferred
Belonging may be a tone of voice
Belonging may work on implicit knowledge
Belonging may work on forgotten knowledge
The tongue carries forgotten belonging
Embeddedness is complex belonging
Cultural embeddedness conditions translational difficulty
Texts belong
Movement is change
Texts do not fall from the sky
Textual movements are not natural needs
Parallel texts are not really translations
Why “La Movida” moved
Texts are like sails raised to the wind
Networks are complex, quantitative and contradictory
Regimes are ways of representing and acting within networks
Translation histories are deceptively diachronic
Translation plays an active historical role
Translation history could be based on regimes
TRANSLATION RULES ARE ETHICAL DECISIONS
Ethics is a professional concern
Translators are rarely above suspicion
Inspiration may have come to isolated cells on Pharos
Nec translatores debent esse soli
Isolated inspiration is also regulated
There can be no ethics of linguistic neutrality
To translate is to attempt improvement
Translators’ first loyalty should not fall one side or the other
Professional detachment is attachment to a profession
Translation has purposes of its own
Translators could be taught in terms of translational regimes
TRANSLATORS THEORIZE
Theorization is part of translational competence
Theorization is the basis of translation criticism
Translation errors are not necessarily mistakes
Critical theorization is a negation of transfer and translation
Theory first expresses doubt
Explicit theorization responds to conflict in practice
Linguistics is of limited use
Generality should begin from translation
Translation theory should be pertinent to translation
Translation theory should not lecture translators
Translation theory should address the social sciences
REFERENCES
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Translation and Text Transfer موسوعة ترجماني - المترجم هاني البدالي

Translation and Text Transfer موسوعة ترجماني - المترجم هاني البدالي

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Published by louticia
translation and text transfer
translation and text transfer

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Published by: louticia on Feb 21, 2013
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02/22/2013

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