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California Gay Marriage Ban Respondents Merits Brief

California Gay Marriage Ban Respondents Merits Brief

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Published by scprweb
California Gay Marriage Ban Respondents Merits Brief
California Gay Marriage Ban Respondents Merits Brief

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Published by: scprweb on Feb 21, 2013
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02/21/2013

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No. 12-144
I
N
T
HE
 
 pìéêÉãÉ=`çìêí=çÑ=íÜÉ=råáíÉÇ=pí~íÉë=
_______________D
ENNIS
H
OLLINGSWORTH
,
ET AL
.,
 Petitioners,
 v.
RISTIN
M.
 
P
ERRY 
,
ET AL
.,
 
 Respondents
.
 
_______________
On Writ Of CertiorariTo The United States Court Of AppealsFor The Ninth Circuit
_______________
 
BRIEF FOR RESPONDENTS
_______________
D
 AVID
B
OIES
 B
OIES
,
 
S
CHILLER
&
 
F
LEXNER
LLP333 Main Street Armonk, N.Y. 10504(914) 749-8200T
HEODORE
J.
 
B
OUTROUS
,
 
J
R
.C
HRISTOPHER
D.
 
D
USSEAULT
 T
HEANE
E
 VANGELIS
 APUR
 E
NRIQUE
 A.
 
M
ONAGAS
 J
OSHUA 
S.
 
L
IPSHUTZ
 G
IBSON
,
 
D
UNN
&
 
C
RUTCHER
LLP333 South Grand AvenueLos Angeles, CA 90071(213) 229-7000T
HEODORE
B.
 
O
LSON
 
Counsel of Record
 M
 ATTHEW
D.
 
M
C
G
ILL
  A 
MIR
C.
 
T
 AYRANI
 G
IBSON
,
 
D
UNN
&
 
C
RUTCHER
LLP1050 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.Washington, D.C. 20036(202) 955-8500tolson@gibsondunn.comJ
EREMY 
M.
 
G
OLDMAN
 B
OIES
,
 
S
CHILLER
&
 
F
LEXNER
LLP1999 Harrison Street, Suite 900Oakland,
 
CA 
 
94612(510)
 
874-1000
Counsel for Respondents
 Kristin M. Perry, Sandra B. Stier, Paul T. Katami, and Jeffrey J. Zarrillo
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
INTRODUCTION ........................................................ 1STATEMENT .............................................................. 4
 
SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ................................... 13 ARGUMENT ............................................................. 16
 
I. P
ROPONENTS
L
 ACK 
S
TANDING
T
O
 A 
PPEAL
.......................................................... 16II. P
ROPOSITION
8,
 
B
 Y 
D
ENYING
G
 AY 
M
EN
 A 
ND
L
ESBIANS
T
HE
R
IGHT
T
O
M
 ARRY 
,
 
 V 
IOLATES
D
UE
P
ROCESS
................................ 19 A.
 
The Right To Marry IsFundamental For All People ................. 21B.
 
The Trial Record And FactualFindings Establish That“Responsible Procreation” Is NotThe Defining Purpose Of Marriage ...... 25III. P
ROPOSITION
8,
 
B
 Y 
D
ENYING
G
 AY 
M
EN
 A 
ND
L
ESBIANS
T
HE
R
IGHT
T
O
M
 ARRY 
,
 
 V 
IOLATES
E
QUAL
P
ROTECTION
...................... 27 A.
 
Discrimination On The Basis Of Sexual Orientation TriggersHeightened Scrutiny ............................. 28B.
 
Laws That Prohibit Gay Men AndLesbians From Marrying CannotSurvive Rational Basis Review,Let Alone Heightened Scrutiny ............ 36C.
 
Proposition 8 Is UnconstitutionalBecause It Was Motivated By A Bare Desire To Make Gay Men And Lesbians Unequal To Every-one Else .................................................. 51CONCLUSION .......................................................... 53
 
ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIESPage(s)CASES
 
 Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena
,515 U.S. 200 (1995) .............................................. 29
 Arizonans for Official English v. Arizona
,520 U.S. 43 (1997) .............................. 11, 13, 16, 17
 Baker v. Nelson
,409 U.S. 810 (1972) .............................................. 20
 Baldwin v. Reese
,541 U.S. 27 (2004) ................................................ 18
 Bd. of Trs. of Univ. of Ala. v. Garrett
,531 U.S. 356 (2001) ........................................ 42, 53
 Boddie v. Connecticut
,401 U.S. 371 (1971) ........................................ 20, 22
 Bowen v. Gilliard
,483 U.S. 587 (1987) .............................................. 29
 Bowers v. Hardwick
,478 U.S. 186 (1986) .............................................. 51
 Brown v. Bd. of Educ.
,349 U.S. 294 (1955) .............................................. 48
 Brown v. Bd. of Educ.
,347 U.S. 483 (1954) .......................................... 1, 38
 Buchanan v. Warley
,245 U.S. 60 (1917) ................................................ 49
Califano v. Yamasaki
,442 U.S. 682 (1979) .............................................. 18
Carey v. Population Servs. Int’l
,431 U.S. 678 (1977) ............................ 20, 21, 23, 27

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