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IEE/CEEM 2012-2013 Seminar: Thomas Wenisch, "Power Management from Smartphones to Data Centers."

IEE/CEEM 2012-2013 Seminar: Thomas Wenisch, "Power Management from Smartphones to Data Centers."

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Thomas Wenisch Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Michigan Power Management from Smartphones to Data Centers Abstract Power has become a first-class design constraint in computing platforms from the smartphone in your pocket to warehouse-scale computers in the cloud. Historically, semiconductor innovation has repeatedly provided more transistors (Moore’s Law) for roughly constant power per chip by scaling down supply voltage each generation. Unfortunately voltage scaling has ended due to stability limits and chip power densities are increasing each generation on a trajectory that outstrips improvements in the ability to dissipate heat. To continue to extract value from Moore’s Law, we need to find system-level approaches to improve efficiency and deliver more performance within tight energy, power, and thermal constraints. In the first part of this talk, I will discuss Computational Sprinting, a technique to improve the responsiveness of smartphone platforms by transiently exceeding sustainable thermal limits—firing up numerous `dark silicon’ cores to complete a sub-second burst of computation while buffering the resulting heat in a phase change material embedded in the chip’s heat sink. Then, I will shift focus to warehouse-scale computing to discuss power management in online data intensive services. These applications, such as web search, social networking, and ad serving, must process terabytes of data in interactive time scales, making them a challenging target for power management.

Thomas Wenisch Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Michigan Power Management from Smartphones to Data Centers Abstract Power has become a first-class design constraint in computing platforms from the smartphone in your pocket to warehouse-scale computers in the cloud. Historically, semiconductor innovation has repeatedly provided more transistors (Moore’s Law) for roughly constant power per chip by scaling down supply voltage each generation. Unfortunately voltage scaling has ended due to stability limits and chip power densities are increasing each generation on a trajectory that outstrips improvements in the ability to dissipate heat. To continue to extract value from Moore’s Law, we need to find system-level approaches to improve efficiency and deliver more performance within tight energy, power, and thermal constraints. In the first part of this talk, I will discuss Computational Sprinting, a technique to improve the responsiveness of smartphone platforms by transiently exceeding sustainable thermal limits—firing up numerous `dark silicon’ cores to complete a sub-second burst of computation while buffering the resulting heat in a phase change material embedded in the chip’s heat sink. Then, I will shift focus to warehouse-scale computing to discuss power management in online data intensive services. These applications, such as web search, social networking, and ad serving, must process terabytes of data in interactive time scales, making them a challenging target for power management.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: UCSBiee on Feb 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/04/2013

 
 © 2013 Thomas Wenisch
Power Managementfrom Smartphones to Data Centers
Thomas Wenisch
Morris Wellman Faculty Dev. Asst. Prof. of CSEUniversity of Michigan
Acknowledgements:
Luiz Barroso, Anuj Chandawalla,Laurel Emurian, Brian Gold, Yixin Luo,Milo Martin, David Meisner,Marios Papaefthymiou, Steven Pelley,Kevin Pipe, Arun Raghavan,Chris Sadler, Lei Shao, Wolf Weber
 
 © 2013 Thomas Wenisch
A Paradigm Shift In Computing
2
0.0010.010.11101001000100001000001000000
19851990199520002005201020152020
Transistors (100,000's)Power (W)Performance (GOPS)Efficiency (GOPS/W)
 
Limits on heat extractionLimits on energy-efficiency of operations
IEEE Computer 
 April 2001T. Mudge
 
 © 2013 Thomas Wenisch
A Paradigm Shift In Computing
3
0.0010.010.11101001000100001000001000000
19851990199520002005201020152020
Transistors (100,000's)Power (W)Performance (GOPS)Efficiency (GOPS/W)
 
Era of High Performance Computing Era of Energy-Efficient Computing
c. 2000
Limits on heat extractionLimits on energy-efficiency of operationsStagnates performance growth
IEEE Computer 
 April 2001T. Mudge

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