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Hormone and Nervous system Biolove

Hormone and Nervous system Biolove

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Note Biology
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Published by: Mohd Ikmal Bin Asmuni on Feb 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/22/2013

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M.I/ASASI/2013 Page 1
 BIOLOVE 
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM AND NERVOUS SYSTEM
 
M.I/ASASI/2013 Page 2
HORMONE CLASSESsteroidglucocortisoidsmineralcortisoidsFatty acidsderivativesprostaglandin juvenile hormoneamino acidderivativesnoradrenalineadrenalinethyroxineproteinandpeptidepeptide- oxytocin-PTH-calcitonin-ADH
proteins-insulin-glucagon-FSH-LH-prolactin
Peptide hormones are shorter than proteinsProtein hormone consist of one or more polypeptideThese hormones released by endocrine glands intoblood and from blood to target cell where responseoccur.Endocrine gland
blood
target cell
responseAdrenaline, noradrenaline and thyroxine are from aminoacid thyrosineAdrenaline, noradrenaline = epinephrine/norepinephrineProstaglandins in humanJuvenile hormone in insectsBothe derived from arachidonic acid (20 C fatty acids)
 
M.I/ASASI/2013 Page 3
Neurosecretory cell-
 
Neuron/nerve cell-
 
Translate neural signal into chemical stimuli
Type of hormonal control pathways
Mechanism of Hormone Actions
 
mechanisms of 
actionssteroid(lipid soluble)non-steroid(water soluble)

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