Paradigms Of Space And Corporeity In The Contemporary Poetry Of TheSeychelles
1. Geo-epistemic and historical background
The Republic of Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands in the heart of the Indian Ocean. Theisland state is a constitutionally trilingual country
belonging to the International Organization of theFrancophonie and the Commonwealth of Nations.By virtue of its geographical position, the Seychelles Archipelago has always had a role of strategicimportance and has functioned like
a “key” to the Indian Ocean
. The paleo-geographic continentalmass of Gondwanaland included the archipelago
before the continental break-up. The archipelagoconsists of the inner granitic islands and the outer coralline islands (Amirantes, Farquhar, Aldabragroups)
. The existence of the islands was reported by Arabian and Malagasy sailors and they weresighted by Vasco da Gama as early as 1502, but they remained uninhabited until the 18
.France laid claim to the archipelago in 1756 and it fell under the control of the British Empire in 1814,at the end of the Napoleonic Wars
. The deep structure of the slavery-based society was redefined withthe liberation of slaves and the stratificational dynamics of social structure in 1903,
when theSeychelles ceased to be the dependency of Mauritius by obtaining the rights and powers of a separatecrown colony
. The steps upgrading the constitutional status of the colony included the foundation of two major parties,
and the local election of a governing council. They gained political independencein 1976
I would like to express my gratitude to my dissertation supervisor
, Dr. Réka Tóth
for her advice, help, for her contributionsof time, observations and motivation. I am also grateful for having been able to discuss this work with Magie Faure-Vidot.The writing of this paper would not have been possible without her support, advice and friendship. I have also benefited fromdiscussions with Marie Flora BenDavid-Nourrice (Ministry of Education, Seychelles) and Penda Choppy (Creole Institute,Seychelles). I gratefully acknowledge the funding sources (
Tendencies of changes of linguistic and cultural identites) that make my research possible.
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in the Neoproterozoic India
For more information about the Seychelles paleomagnetic pole and the continental break-up
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Namely the mass emigration resulting in a population drop (1830-1840), the change of paradigm in the large-scale plantation-based agriculture and the inner dynamics of the relationship between the landowning class and the descendants of ex-slaves. See Scarr, Deryck.
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. New York: Infobase, 2009: 628-629.
The Seychelles People’s United
Party (SPUP) and the Seychelles Democratic Party (SDP) were founded by France Albert
René and James Mancham in 1964.
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Africa South of the Sahara
. London: Europa Publications, 2004: 956-967.