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2013_Patriot 5_Continental Water Management in Quebec

2013_Patriot 5_Continental Water Management in Quebec

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Published by: Committee for the Republic of Canada on Feb 23, 2013
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While minister of Hydrological Resources under the lead-ership of l’Union National Premier Maurice Duplessis(1945-1959), Daniel Johnson championed large scale wa-ter and hydroelectric projects, making Québec into the premier pioneer of Hydroelectric engineering in theworld. Prior to Maurice Duplessis, Québec’s break withthe Jesuit-run “seigneurie” system (aka: feudalism) thathad held the Quebec population’s sovereign potential back since the 17th century, had been initiated most boldly with Premier Adélard Godbout (1939-1944) andhis creation of Hydro Quebec via the nationalization of 
 Montreal Light, Heat and Power Company
. Godbout’scollaborator Louis PhilippePigeon was inspired by Roose-velt’s Tennessee Valley Au-thority, and began bold pro-grams that unleashed cheapelectricity, advanced agricul-tural technologies and ruralelectrification, breaking theusurious private stranglehold of 
 Montreal Light, Heat and  Power 
which had been prohibit-ing development and squeezingthe population dry with expen-sive and unreliable electricityfor decades.By 1959, approximately half of Canada`s hydroelectric power was coming from Québec, and a culture of pro-gress was finally beginning to blossom through the aid of the unique `Classical education` system whose design wasto create morally developed citizens fluent in classicalliterature, as well as Greek and Latin.After Duplessis` untimely death in 1959, the next wave of cleansing of radically regressive elements inside of theQuebec establishment occurred during the ``100 day revo-lution`` of Paul Sauvé, Duplessis’ successor. Under Pre-mier Sauvé and Johnson, the trans-Canada highway wasconstructed through Québec, andan array of social reforms wereimplemented leading to increasedfunding to classical colleges andincreased minimum wages. John-son was also given carte blanche touse Quebec based engineers insteadof Duplessis’ intention to use onlyAmerican firms to construct Que- bec’s energy and water develop-ment.Daniel Johnson would lead in the initiation of severalambitious hydroelectric programs during the last years of the 1950s which would include the Manicouagan 1, 2, 3and 5 as well as three sites at the Outardes River with the2600 Megawatt (MW) Manicouagan 5, or “Manic 5” damas the largest of the set. The Dams would impound theworld’s fifth largest asteroid impact crater creating thefifth largest reservoir in the world. The total electricitydevelopment of these projects would be over 7500MW!The real wealth however, would be located not in the in-creased electricity, monetary profits or even productivityof the society, but rather in the intellectual and spiritualcultural revolution that would bring a society of subjectsinto proud citizens due to their increased mastery of na-ture. The former boundary conditions that had held back Quebec in a closed system logic of scarcity, were beingquickly eliminated to the horror of the British Empire.
The Fight for Continental WaterManagement in Quebec
By Matthew Ehret-Kump
 Adélard Godbout, Photo:Commission de la capi-tale nationale
 Paul Sauvé
The Manicouagan-5 Dam (later re-named the Daniel Johnson Dam)
 
15
The Quiet Counter-Revolution
After untimely heart attacks killed both Maurice Duplessisin 1959 and his replacement Paul Sauvé four months later,the l’Union Nationale fizzled out and was replaced by the“new reformers” of the Liberal Party of Jean Lesage and aclique of authors of a program later called “The QuietRevolution”. This program would be led by RenéLevésques who became Minister of Natural Resources, hisdeputy Maurice Lamontagne, and a young Rhodes Scholar named Paul Guérin-Lajoie. These characters would spear-head the establishment of the first Ministry of Educationcleansing the educational system of all traces of classical-humanism. While Levésques would go onto form the PartiQuebecois (PQ) 17 days after Johnson’s death, MauriceLamontagne would become an influential Senator andChair of the Commission which purged Canadian Science policy in 1966-69 bringing in the Organization for Eco-nomic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD’s) SystemsAnalysis. This strategy was being led at this time by Alex-ander King, then science director of the OECD, and later co-founder of the Malthusian
Club of Rome
, whose Cana-dian branch would include Maurice Lamontagne as afounding member. Guérin-Lajoie would head up the Cana-dian International Development Agency (CIDA) created byMaurice Strong in 1970.Guérin-Lajoie would employ his fellow Rhodes Scholar Jean Beetz to direct the
 Institute for Research into Public Law (IRPL)
at the University of Laval in 1961, providingPierre Trudeau with his firstteaching position after having been blacklisted by Duplessisfor years. This institute wouldalso bring Trudeau’s inner circlecollaborators Marc Lalonde andMichael Pitfield in on the Boardof Directors. All of these “newreformers” would be united inhaving come to prominencewriting for the influential anti-Duplessis magazine Cité Libre, begun by Trudeau in 1950. Atthis time Pitfield and Lalondewere busily working as assis-tants to Federal Minister of Justice Davie Fulton whoseassignment was to sabotage the design of W.A.C. Ben-nett’s “Two Rivers” development policy in British Colum- bia
(1).
Fulton was also a Rhodes Scholar and was alliedwith another “new nationalist” named General AndrewMcnaughton, then head of the International Joint Commis-sion charged with overseeing transboundary water issueswith the United States. Their chosen method of proposingwater projects on the west coastthat would cut off the Americansand direct water to Canadians onlywould be attempted in the EastCoast as well as we shall soon see.The fear of “continentalism”driven by technological progressand joint development of resourcesamongst Canada and the USA wasthe greatest motivator of the Brit-ish Empire at this time.While many elements intent on bringing in “scientific” (aka: system’s analysis) methods of management in political and educational planning wereintroduced with these Liberals, positive elements such asAdélard Godbout’s old ally Louis-Philippe Pigeon was brought in to help plan for Quebec’s development as well.Daniel Johnson’s friend Pierre Laporte also became aleader within the “new reformers” and would go on to beassassinated by the RCMP con-trolled FLQ terrorist network inOctober 1970. Some of these ele-ments, including Jean Lesage him-self, would become influenced bythe aggressive diplomacy of Charlesde Gaulle who intended for Quebecto take on a key role in his interna-tional “Grand Design”.
(1) Premier Bennett fought for almost 7 years to ensure that his plans todevelop the Peace River in northern BC would not be sabotaged by either Mcnaughton or Fulton who tried various schemes to ensure that Canadawas not brought into closer proximity with America to the north or thesouth. For more, see
`W.A.C Bennett: Canada`s Spritual Father to NAWAPA`, by this author in The Canadian Patriot #4, Jan 2013The founding members of the IRPL in 1961, most notably Marc Lalonde(upper left), Jean Beetz (bottom left) and Pierre Trudeau (upper right)Gen. Andrew Mcnaughton Jean Lesage Louis-Philippe Pigeon

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