Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
CONIC SECTIONS

# CONIC SECTIONS

Ratings:

4.8

(1)
|Views: 1,070|Likes:
For more FREE Pre-Calculus study material please visit: www.examville.com
For more FREE Pre-Calculus study material please visit: www.examville.com

### Availability:

See more
See less

06/17/2013

CONIC SECTIONS
LOCI
The curve described by a point which moves under given conditions is called its
locus
(plural
loci
).Example : If C (
h,k
) is a fixed point in the Cartesian plane and P (
x,y
) is a variable point(moving) on that plane such that its distance from C is always equal to its y coordinate,find the locus of P.Solution :
Therefore,distancePC
=
y,
[
x
@
h
` a
2
+
y
@
b c
2
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww
=
y,distancebetweentwopointsP
1
x
1
,y
1
` a
andP
2
x
2
,y
2
` a
i
ε
A
P
1
P
2
=
x
1
@
x
2
` a
2
+
y
1
@
y
2
` a
2
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww
d e
[
x
@
h
` a
2
+
y
@
b c
2
=
y
2
[
x
2
@
2
hx
+
h
2
+
y
2
@
2
ky
+
2
=
y
2
[
x
2
@
2
hx
+
h
2
=
2
ky
@
2
[
x
@
h
` a
2
=
2
ky
@
2
ffff
f g
whichistheequationofaparabola
A

CONIC SECTIONS
Conic sections are the curves that are formed when we make a straight cut in a cone i.e.when a plane intersects a right circular cone. These curves are

Circle,

Parabola

Ellipse and

Hyperbola.

CIRCLE
If in a plane there is a fixed point C (
h,k
) and a point P (
x,y)
moves in such a way that itsdistance from C is always constant, then the path or locus of P is a

circle
.If the constant distance =
Then
(P,C) =
r.
Using distance formula
x
@
h
` a
2
+
y
@
b c
2
wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww
=
[
x
@
h
` a
2
+
y
@
b c
2
=
2
The
standard equation
of the circle with centre (h,k) and radius r is given by
x
@
h
` a
2
+
y
@
b c
2
=
2
If the centre of the circle is the
origin (0,0)
r,
then the equation becomes
x
2
+
y
2
=
r
2

Example : Find the equation of the circle with centre (3,-2) and radius 5.Solution : Using h = 3, k = -2 in the standard equation we get
x
@
3
` a
2
+
y
@ @
2
` aB C
2
=
5
2
[
x
@
3
` a
2
+
y
+
2
b c
2
=
5
2
Example : Find the centre and radius of the circle
x
2
@
4
x
+
y
2
+
2
y
@
9
=
0 Solution :
x
2
@
4
x
+
y
2
+
2
y
@
11
=
0
x
2
@
4
x
+
y
2
+
2
y
=
11
x
2
@
4
x
+
4
b c
+
y
2
+
2
y
+
1
b c
=
11
+
4
+
1
x
@
2
` a
2
+
y
+
1
b c
2
=
4
2
ComparingwiththestandardequationCentre
2
,
@
1
b c
=
4
units

PARABOLA
If in a plane there is a fixed point F and a fixed line
l
, and a point P moves in such a waythat its distance from F and
l
is always equal, then the path or locus of P is a

parabola
.F is called the
Focu
s
and
l
is the
Directrix
.
The line through focus perpendicular to thedirectrix is the
axis of symmetry.
The
vertex
V lies on this axis halfway between the focusand the directrix or the point at which the parabola intersects the axis of symmetry.