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The Postmodern Challenge - Facing the Spirit of the Age

The Postmodern Challenge - Facing the Spirit of the Age

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Published by pilesar
Absolute Truth and Morality. From Answers in Genesis.
Absolute Truth and Morality. From Answers in Genesis.

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Published by: pilesar on Feb 23, 2013
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THE POSTMODERN CHALLENGE: Facing the Spirit of the Age
 by Jim Leffel and Dennis McCallum
Summary
"Openness" (without the restraint of reason) and "tolerance" that rejects allmoral absolutes are the mandates of postmodern ideology. This thinking hasdominated America’s "politically correct" universities for over a decade.Moreover, postmodernism is gaining a clear and growing consensus in popular culture. Consequently, Christians today face unique challenges aswe seek to communicate the gospel in a compelling way. In order to speak to the "it’s true for me because I believe it" mentality, Christiancommunicators must understand and critique the foundations of postmodernrelativism. We must also develop new and creative pre-evangelisticapproaches to establish common ground with our secular culture.We live in strange times. Until recently, Christianity was under fire at mostuniversities because it was thought to be unscientific, and consequently,untrue. Today, Christianity is widely rejected merely because it
claims
to betrue! Increasingly, academics regard anyone claiming to know any objectiveor universal truth as intolerant and arrogant.
THE NEW SPIRITUAL CONSENSUS
What accounts for this bizarre and growing consensus? It’s called
 postmodernism
. According to certain enormously influential thinkers, truthis essentially political. Truth claims are
created 
by "belief communities," not
discovered 
by reason, observation, or revelation. Lynne Cheney, former chairperson of the National Endowment for the Humanities, recentlyreported to Congress that the academic community is experiencing a major ideological shift toward postmodernism.
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Postmodernism is more than a movement among intellectuals. It deeplyaffects the broader culture.
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In fact, academic postmodernism has galvanizedthe latent relativism growing in American culture since the 60s, while givingit a respectability it never had before. The new postmodern outlook is noweverybody’s business. George Barna shows that over 80 percent of Americans today are basically relativistic, and the evangelical church is notfar behind.
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Meanwhile, the church in North America is not answering
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 postmodernists effectively, and we are losing ground so rapidly that manychurch leaders are ready to join the new postmodern consensus.We must understand the thinking behind this growing consensus if we are tocommunicate effectively with our culture. We also need to understand it inorder to protect our families and churches. In this article, we explain what postmodernism is and how it has affected people’s religious views. Then weoffer a strategy for reaching postmodern thinkers.
ARROGANCE AND RELIGIOUS TRUTH
 Not long ago, "Dear Abby" commented on religious disagreements. She printed a letter from one of her critics: "Your answer to the woman whocomplained that her relatives were always arguing with her about religionwas ridiculous. You advised her to simply declare the subject off-limits. Areyou suggesting that people talk about only trivial, meaningless subjects so asto avoid a potential controversy?...It is arrogant to tell people there aresubjects they may not mention in your presence. You could have suggestedshe learn enough about her relatives’ cult to show them the errors containedin its teaching."Abby replied, "In my view, the height of arrogance is to attempt to show people the ‘errors’ in the religion of their choice."
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Abby’s postmodern response typifies today’s popular thinking aboutreligious tolerance and faith commitments. Notice two key ideas implied inher comment. First, challenging another’s religious truth claims is
arrogant 
.Second,
 personal choice
alone legitimizes spiritual commitments.Why do so many today consider it arrogant to suggest that someone’sreligious beliefs might be wrong? By arrogant, most people mean
intolerant  — 
a term that has come to have a whole new meaning in recent years.Intolerance used to refer to bigotry or prejudice — that is, attacking peopleor excluding them because of who they are or what they think. In that sense,intolerance
is
offensive. But now, intolerance often means simply assertingsome beliefs are true and others are false.The recent movie
 At Play in the Fields of the Lord 
illustrates this point. In aconversation between an Amazonian Indian and a Christian missionary, theIndian says, "If the Lord made Indians the way they are, who are you peopleto make them different?" This is one of the defining sentiments of our day.
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Attempting to convert people is unacceptable because it implies standing in judgment over their "truth."
CAN TRUTH BE THE OBJECTIVE?
At the heart of the issue is whether or not
objective truth
exists. Objectivetruth means truth that is independent of individual or cultural belief. Whensomething is objectively true (like the existence of the moon), it’s true for everyone regardless of whether they acknowledge it or not. Objectivityassumes we all live in one reality, even though we may experience itdifferently or have different beliefs about it. Those of us who believe inobjective truth think that we have a common base from which to discusswhat is true and what isn’t, because we all live in the same real world.Postmodernists deny this shared reality. Instead, they claim that differentcultural groups live in different realities. To them, a people’s reality is their 
 perception
or 
interpretation
of the external world, and is not the world itself.Postmodernists claim we are really creating truth as we interpret. We are notdiscovering truth. According to postmodernists, a thing is true because I believe it, I do not believe it because it is true.
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As Christians, we accept the reality of both
 subjective
and
objective
truth,and we believe we can discover both through a combination of our ownreason and revelation. The Bible teaches we can come to know a love thattranscends knowledge (Eph. 3:19), and that relationship with God goes beyond mere statements of fact about God. This is subjective or experientialtruth. But the reality of subjective or experiential truth in no way rules outthe reality of objective truth. Postmodernists, on the other hand, think 
all 
truth is subjective. On this, we can never agree.The Bible’s emphasis on historical revelation (1 Cor. 15:13-15), doctrinal propositions (Rom. 10:9), and natural revelation (1:18-20) presume thatobjective truth exists. This places Christians in direct opposition to postmodern thinking.
POSTMODERNISM MEANS THE DEATH OF TRUTH
Today, higher education openly promotes cynicism about truth and reason.
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Educators argue that every time people claim to be in possession of 
the
truth(especially religious truth), they end up repressing those who don’t agree.Today, it’s more stylish to make no truth claims at all. How has this
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