science was seen as a means of fulfilling God's command to exercise dominion and tosubdue the earth.
The Christian and the non-Christian approach the universe differently and hence theydefine it differently. The humanist believes this world is all there is. Life is definedchemically and physiologically, within totally naturalistic confines. They reason that if the reality of our world is entirely natural, then definition is relatively easy. Given enoughtime, all things can be defined after sufficient research, dissection, experimentation, or study. From a Christian perspective, this is not true. Leviticus 17:11 makes clear that lifeis "in the blood" but it is even more clear that life is not from the blood, but from God.(Genesis 2:7). To understand life we must look beyond life to God. Definition has to bemore than naturalistic: it goes beyond us and our world, and is thus in essenceimpossible. For us, therefore, science is not definitive but descriptive and theological.Science will become more productive if it abandons its goal to define naturalistically(which leads to
) and limits itself to description in terms of
Limits of Science
The theological foundation also means a realistic view of scientific goals. Because God isGod. this means simply that
"With God all things are possible"
(Matthew 19:26). If the physical universe is the ultimate, then it follows logically that, "With nature, all things are possible!!" Because humanistic scientists operate on this premise, they are ever ready toexperiment or to hypothesize in areas known to be impossible from scientific experience.Thus, science tells us that spontaneous generation is not possible, and yet it is necessaryin evolutionary thought. Because infinite potentiality is ascribed, not to God but to nature,this impossibility is regarded as only impossible in the present; in infinite time, theinfinite potentiality of nature will overcome all limitations.
Nature is not God
Much current genetic research also operates in terms of infinite potentiality. Organtransplants are clear examples of this. The June 1977 attempt to transplant a baboon'sheart into a human being failed. It was done in the clear knowledge that transplants face arejection factor: they are like an alien and infection agent to the host body. The hope is,however, that man can overcome this barrier, and the hope rests on the faith that infinite potentiality belongs to nature rather than to God.The lines God created between various forms of life and inorganic matter are seen asenemies by humanistic science, because this fixity defies the infinite potentiality of nature. But this is not all. Because eternity is an attribute of ultimacy, i.e. God, time is a problem to the humanist, and an enemy. Hence their hostility to clock time (i.e. to ayoung universe).