ESSENTIALS OF HINDUISM
ESSENTIALS OF HINDUISM.
R. R. GUNARATNAM
“The one vital duty incumbent on you, if you really love your religion, if you reallylove your country, is that you must struggle hard to be up and doing with this one great ideaof bringing out the treasures from your closed books, and delivering them over to the rightfulheirs.”So says Swami Vivekananda in one of his learned addresses delivered in Ceylon,when he was on his way back to India after his Mission in the West. Every enlightened son of India and Ceylon, who feels proud of the precious treasures buried in the hoary books of theHindus, should take to heart these words of earnest appeal, and act accordingly. Else, his lessenlightened brethren, who cannot devote their time to study the many voluminous treatises onHindu Philosophy and Religion will be left to grope in the dark.But the task assigned here is indeed difficult and enormous. It requires patientresearch, untiring perseverance, and keen intelligence to master the many subtle problems of Hindu Philosophy, to delve deep into its bottomless depths, and to bring to light its teachingsand truths of inestimable value. Nor is it in every one to achieve success in such a laborioustask. In a thousand, there can be but one Max Muller, one Pope, one Nallaswami Pillai or oneRamanathan. And these deserve the undying gratitude of the whole Hindu Community fromCape Comorin to the Himalayas. Nay, the whole humanity is indebted to them for all theyhave done to interpret the religious thoughts of the East to the West, and infuse into the mindsof the latter an admiration and love for the religious ideals of the Hindus. Except for writerslike these, the Hindu sacred books with all their wealth of Philosophy and religion wouldhave remained unknown not only to the Westerners, but also to those of our own men, who,aping Western methods of thought and action, remain in blissful ignorance of their ownmellifluous tongue and are therefore unable to read and understand the lofty and inspiringwords of the Indian sages in the original. Hence, it is the manifest duty of every learnedHindu, who is capable of expounding religious thoughts to follow in the wake of theselearned writers and contribute his mite to the unfolding of spiritual truths.Mr. S. Sabaratna Mudaliyar, Deputy Fiscal, Jaffna, is one of the few Hindus inCeylon, who devote their time to the above cause. He does his noble work in more ways thanone. It is a pleasure to find him, though in active Government Service, deliver public lectures,and contribute to the
and other journals, learned articles worthy of hisscholarship culture, and refinement. And his recent publication of “The Essentials of Hinduism” stands as a landmark of his religious activity, and places him high in the list of Hindu authors. This able work, written in elegant prose leaves nothing to be desired, asregards the logical arrangement of the subjects, the lucid presentation of the variousphilosophical and religious doctrines, the fair and equitable discussion of intricate problems,