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Biomaterials - Material Matters v3n3

Biomaterials - Material Matters v3n3

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Published by Sigma-Aldrich
Antifouling PEG Coatings
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Assembly
“Click” Chemistry in (Bio)Materials Science
Chemistry at Surfaces with Self-Assembled Monolayers
Bone Tissue Engineering
Antifouling PEG Coatings
Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Assembly
“Click” Chemistry in (Bio)Materials Science
Chemistry at Surfaces with Self-Assembled Monolayers
Bone Tissue Engineering

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Published by: Sigma-Aldrich on Feb 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/02/2013

 
Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc.Sigma-Aldrich Corporation
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Material Matters
, please contact us by:Phone:
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(USA)Mail:
Attn: Marketing CommunicationsAldrich Chemical Co., Inc.Sigma-Aldrich CorporationP.O. Box 355Milwaukee, WI 53201-9358
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International customers, please contact yourlocal Sigma-Aldrich ofce. For worldwide contactinormation, please see back cover.
Material Matters
is also available in PDF ormat onthe Internet at
.Aldrich brand products are sold throughSigma-Aldrich, Inc. Sigma-Aldrich, Inc. warrants thatits products conorm to the inormation contained inthis and other Sigma-Aldrich publications. Purchasermust determine the suitability o the product or itsparticular use. See reverse side o invoice or packingslip or additional terms and conditions o sale.All prices are subject to change without notice.
Material Matters
(ISSN 1933–9631) is a publication o Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. Aldrich is a member o theSigma-Aldrich Group. © 2008 Sigma-Aldrich Co.
TM
Vol. 3 No. 3
   I  n   t  r  o   d  u  c   t   i  o  n
About Our Cover
Researchers are developing new methods or the preparation o biomaterials that unction to improveproperties o biomedical devices. Layer-by-Layer sel-assembly (LbL), described in the article on page57, is a useul method or making thin ilms o unctional biomaterials. In the LbL technique, alternatelayers o oppositely charged polymers are solution deposited to orm multilayered ilms (see illustrationon cover) on suraces o biomedical devices (e.g. stents), or walls o controlled-release capsules (pills).Charged drugs or biological molecules (proteins, DNA) can be incorporated into the LbL ilms. Forexample, cationic poly(diallylammonium chloride) shown on the cover can be co-deposited with anionicDNA; the ilms can release encapsulated DNA, working as vehicles or gene delivery. See the producttable on page 60 or a list o polymers or LbL applications.
Introduction
Welcome to the third 2008 issue o
Material Matters
ocusing on Biomaterials, aresearch area that deals with synthetic and natural materials used in contact withbiological systems. The ield o biomaterials is interdisciplinary and encompasses aspectso materials science as well as chemistry, biology, and medicine. It has a unique “human”aspect: ew other areas o materials research can have equally direct impact on thequality o human lives by advancing medical care and diagnostics. Some results obiomaterials research are already implemented in medical practice. For example, steadyresearch progress made over the last 50 years in structural biomaterials lead to signiicantimprovements in quality o dental implants and artiicial hip joints. Other aspects obiomaterials research are just starting to aect our lives. Novel polymeric biomaterialswhich encapsulate and control release rate release o drugs are used to design “high-tech” pills and to coat suraces o cardiovascular implants. More advanced biomaterialsapplications are shaping on the research horizon: tissue engineering scaolds, genedelivery devices, and biochips designed to customize medical care to an individualpatient’s genotype are some areas o active research.Modern biomaterials are becoming complex, and present challenges both in termso preparation (synthesis, abrication, processing) o new material types, as well asanalyses o inished biomaterials and their interactions with biological systems. In thisissue, researchers rom the Northwestern University describe new methods to preparebiomaterial suraces resistant to ouling by biomolecules and bioorganisms. Layer-by-layer sel-assembly, an innovative and versatile approach to prepare thin ilms ounctional biomaterials, is described in the article written by Drs. Ariga and Hill romthe Japan’s National Institute or Materials Science. In their article on p. 57, researchersrom the University o Nijmegen and Encapson B.V., Netherlands, discuss the applicationo “click” chemistry to make designer macromolecules that can be used as buildingblocks or controlled, bottom-up preparation o biomaterials. In the area o biomaterialscharacterization, Proessor Mrksich rom the University o Chicago describes SAMDI-TOF,a surace-sensitive mass spectrometry technique that can be used to measure detailedchemical composition o, or example, biochip suraces. Finally, Proessors Huster andPretzsch rom the University o Leipzig, Germany, write about application o solid stateNMR to characterize engineered bone tissue — a very complex unctional biomaterialcentral to current eorts in regenerative medicine.Customary to
Material Matters
, each article in this issue is accompanied by a list oSigma-Aldrich
®
products helpul in the corresponding kind o biomaterials research.We at Sigma-Aldrich are pleased to combine our global expertise in high technology andlie science to bring you a set o interdisciplinary tools or biomaterials research, whichcan be ound at
. I you think we can improve thispage or add another set o products helpul or your work, email us at
matsci@sial.com
.Ilya Koltover, Ph.D.Aldrich
®
Materials ScienceSigma-Aldrich
®
Corporation
 
$
51
For questions, product data, or new product suggestions, please contact Aldrich Materials Science at
matsci@sial.com
.
Joe Porwoll, PresidentAldrich Chemical Co., Inc.
I  n t  o d  u c  t i   on
Do you have a compound that you wish Sigma-Aldrich
®
could list to help materials research?If it is needed to accelerate your research, it matters—please send your suggestion to
matsci@sial.com
and we will be happy to give it careful consideration.
“Your Materials Matter.”
Proessor Annelise Barron o Stanord University kindlysuggested that we oer
-hydroxyethyl acrylamide (HEAA),a monomer which can be used to make polymers that areuseul as wall coatings and separation media or lab-on-a-chip devices. Hydrophilic poly-
-hydroxyacrylamide (pHEAA),synthesized by ree radical polymerization o HEAA in water,orms a stable adsorbed coating on glass and used silicamicrochannels, enabling excellent biomolecule separations.pHEAA coatings eliminate electroosmotic low and greatlyreduce non-specic adsorption o biomolecules to the internalwalls o microluidic channels. DNA ragments o > 500bases have been successully separated and sequenced usingpHEAA-assisted microcapillary electrophoresis.
1,2
References:
(1) Albarghouthi, M.N., Buchholtz, B.A., Huiberts, P.J., Stein, T.M.,Barron, A.E.
Electrophoresis
 
2002
,
23
, 1429.(2) Fredlake, C.P., Hert, D.G., Kan, C.W., Chiesl, T.N., Root, B.E., Forster,R.E., Barron, A.E.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
2008
,
105
, 476.
OHNHH
2
CO
-Hydroxyethyl acrylamide (HEAA), 97%
697931-100ML100 mL25.00
-Hydroxyethyl acrylamide — Tool for Lab-On-A-Chip Research
Biomaterials Featured in This Issue
Materials CategoryContentPage
Functionalized PEGsMonounctional, homobiunctional and heterobiunctional poly(ethylene glycol)polymers54, 65PolyelectrolytesAnionic and cationic polymers used in layer-by-layer (LbL) sel-assembly60Click-Compatible BiomaterialsAzide and alkyne unctionalized polymers65Polymersome-orming polymersAmphiphilic block copolymers
65
Materials or Molecular Sel-AssemblyAlkyl-thiols or making sel-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold70Biocompatible CeramicsMetal oxide ceramic particles commonly used in biomaterials and biomedical research74Biocompatible MetalsTitanium wires, rods, oils, and sponges75

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