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(ISSN 1933–9631) is a publication o Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc. Aldrich is a member o theSigma-Aldrich Group. © 2008 Sigma-Aldrich Co.
Vol. 3 No. 2
I n t r o d u c t i o n
About Our Cover
Nature offers numerous examples of achieving big objectives with tiny tools. Design of natural materialsoften serves as a model for many technical innovations. Nanoscale modification of various surfaces tomake them hydrophilic, hydrophobic or resistant to external hazards is widespread in Nature and highlydesired in modern technology. In many cases, long-chain organic molecules or polymers attached tonatural materials are responsible for their remarkable properties. The molecule of glycidyl methacrylateshown on the cover allows modification of dimethylsiloxane-based surfaces. Such surfaces find broaduse as stamps for micro-lithography and other patterning applications related to advanced electronicmaterials. Glycidyl methacrylate-based polymers linked to polydimethylsiloxane serve as anchor layers forother molecules and polymers offering a broad range of highly desired properties as discussed onp. 44–48 of this issue.
Welcome to the second issue of
in 2008 focused on thetechniques used for nano-functionalization and nano-structuring materials’ surfaces,and applications of modified materials in electronics, lithography and other relevantfields.Modifying materials by coating them with nano-scale organic, ceramic or hybridlayers is a versatile way to add new value, advanced features and unique propertiesto otherwise conventional materials. Creating a nano-film on a material’s surface cansignificantly improve or even completely change its optical, electrical and electronicproperties, the wettability and biocompatibility as well as introduce new uniqueproperties such as exceptional hardness or corrosion resistance. Frequently, themodification method determines properties of the surface created. As modificationtechniques improve, increases also the variety of materials that can be altered andcustomized.The current issue features four different methods for accomplishing surfacemodification on the nano-scale by thought leaders. Dr. Mato Knez from Max-Planck-Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle, Germany, provides an introduction to vapordeposition approaches to surface modification and thin film fabrication. ProfessorSteven George and Dr. Byunghoon Yoon from the University of Colorado, Boulder,discuss molecular layer deposition of organic and hybrid organic-inorganic polymers.Dr. Greg P. Lopinski and Professor Daniel D. M. Wayner, Steacie Institute forMolecular Sciences, Ontario, Canada, review the enhancement of the functionalityof silicon based materials and devices by controlled formation of organic molecularmonolayers on silicon surfaces. Finally, the article from the Clemson Universitygroup lead by Professor Luzinov focuses on synthesis and characterization of nano-thick, chemically grafted polymer films (polymer brushes) on various inorganic andpolymeric substrates. The article is accompanied by a description of the surfacemodification kit developed at Sigma-Aldrich based on Luzinov’s technique.Products that accelerate your research in the fundamental science of nanoscalesurface modification are highlighted. Please visit Aldrich Materials Science at
for product information. We invite you to sendcomments, questions and suggestions about
and materials ofinterest to
.Viktor Balema, PhD.Aldrich Materials ScienceSigma-Aldrich