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Published by Lizette Leah Ching
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Published by: Lizette Leah Ching on Feb 24, 2013
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INTRODUCTIONBackground of the Study
Pregnancy is considered to be a delightful experience for the expectantmother. However, feeling of well being and Quality of life (QoL)outcomes, as significant determinate of health, were shown to decline insome dimensions during pregnancy. Studies demonstrated thatemotional, physical functioning, vitality and social functioning asdimensions of life quality were in constant in different phases of  pregnancy. Alteration of maternal Qol during gestation was found tocontribute to diversity of demographic and biological factors. Maternalhormonal levels, gestational age, demographic factors,sleep,nausea andvomiting were shown to have contribution to antenatal life quality.Moreover, evidences manifested that adequate intake of nutrition is a
key component for individual’
s health and well-being,particularly during pregnancy. Health and nutritional problems during pregnancy impact notonly on
women’s quality of life, but conseque
ntly on her newbornwell beingafter delivery, her family members and community as well. It iswell documented that inadequate maternal nutrition results in increasedrisks of short term consequences such as; Intra Uterine GrowthRestriction, low birth weight, preterm birth, prenatal and infant mortalityand morbidity. Moreover, excessive intake of nutrients during pregnancycan lead to some pregnancy complications (such as, preeclampsia andgestational diabetes, macrosomia, dystocia and higher prevalence of caesarean section. On the other hand, as the long run outcomes,inadequate intake of nutrients were found to have pathophysiologic or metabolic depict that will appear as disorders of child growth anddevelopment as well as adult chronic disease after a long period of quiescence. Given that
mother’s metabolic responses against spacious
extend of nutritional circumstances enables her to becomeaccustomed to variation of nutrients and conduct a pregnancy to end , but her feeling of well being and health might be impressed byimbalanced nutritional intake due to inappropriate dietary habits.
 
Though, there are considerable number of studies on HRQoL, there existrestricted information regarding possible association between nutritional behaviors and QoL experienced by mothers during antenatal period.This study seeks to find out the contribution of quality of life indices tonutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among normal pregnantwomen.A healthy diet during pregnancy is essential to provide all the nutrientsneeded by a mother and her growing baby. It is a common
misconception that pregnant women need to “eat for two”. In fact, most
of the additional nutrients needed during pregnancy can be obtained byselecting appropriate foods and eating a high quality nutrient-dense diet.However there are some specific recommendations, which includetaking folic acid supplements in early pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida. It is also important for pregnantwomen to be adopt good food hygiene practices to minimize the risk of food poisoning from harmful bacteria and to avoid substances in foodsand drinks that might be potentially harmful to them or their growing baby.
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
 This study aims to determine the dietary practices of pregnant women inBonuanGueset.Specifically, it seeks to answer the following questions:1.
 
What is the profile of the respondents in terms of:a.
 
Demographic profilei.
 
Age
 
ii.
 
Civil statusiii.
 
Religioniv.
 
Anthropometric measurementb.
 
Socio-economic profilei.
 
Monthly family incomeii.
 
Source of income2.
 
What is the status of the pregnant women in terms of:a.
 
Vitamins and mineral supplementation3.
 
What are the dietary practices of pregnant women in terms of:a.
 
Breakfast foodsb.
 
Breads/ salty snacks/ spreadsc.
 
Dairy productsd.
 
Beveragese.
 
Fruits and juicesf.
 
Vegetablesg.
 
Sweetsh.
 
Poultry i.
 
Fast foods4.
 
Is there a significant relationship between the anthropometricmeasurements of the respondent to her dietary practice?5.
 
What proposed measures can be done to improve the dietary practices of pregnant women in BonuanGueset?

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