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Organic Electronics - Material Matters v2n3

Organic Electronics - Material Matters v2n3



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Published by Sigma-Aldrich
"Organic Materials For Thin Film Transistors
Polymers for Plastic Electronics
Fullerene-Based Semiconductors
Organic Light-Emitting Devices
Light-Emitting Polymers"
"Organic Materials For Thin Film Transistors
Polymers for Plastic Electronics
Fullerene-Based Semiconductors
Organic Light-Emitting Devices
Light-Emitting Polymers"

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Published by: Sigma-Aldrich on Feb 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Printed circuits for acleaner and brighter future.
Organic MaterialsFor Thin FilmTransistorsPolymers forPlastic ElectronicsFullerene-BasedSemiconductorsOrganicLight-EmittingDevices Light-EmittingPolymers
Organic Electronics
   s     i   g   m   a  -   a     l     d   r     i   c     h .   c   o   m
Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc.Sigma-Aldrich Corporation
6000 N. Teutonia Ave.Milwaukee, WI 53209, USA
To Place Orders
Customer & Technical Services
Material Matters
Attn: Marketing CommunicationsAldrich Chemical Co., Inc.Sigma-Aldrich CorporationP.O. Box 355Milwaukee, WI 53201-9358
Material Matters
Material Matters
Vol.  No. 3
About Our Cover
Organic electronic devices can be abricated on many substrates, including glass, lexible plastics, and evenbuilding roos. Soluble organic semiconductors, such as the TDCV-TPA eatured on our cover and described inthe new “Your Materials Matter” eature on page 3, will enable economical processing o organic circuits bytechniques o high-throughput printing. Resulting technologies will include ultra-thin television sets deliveringcrisper pictures than today’s LCDs, inexpensive RFID tags, and low-cost solar panels integrated into buildings,cars, and clothing abrics.
Welcome to the third installment o
Material Matters
or 2007 ocusing on OrganicElectronics. Started over 30 years ago with the discovery that organic moleculescan act as electrical conductors, this ield is on the verge o the irst commerciallysuccessul applications. Low-cost manuacturing methods and compatibility withlexible substrates are two o the exciting eatures o plastic electronics. One daysoon, these attributes may enable disposable RFID tags made rom interconnectedorganic ield-eect transistors (OFETs), or large-area photovoltaic cells (PVs) painted onbuilding roos and economically replaced every other year to match color preerenceso homeowners. Bright, high-resolution lat-screen displays made rom organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are closest to commercial success, but remain expensive andpower-hungry relative to the entrenched technologies. Steady advances in the qualityand variety o available organic conductors, as well as a undamental understandingo materials physics and device engineering, enabled progress rom early polymerconductors to the present day OFETs and OLEDs.In this issue, Proessor Zhenan Bao (Stanord University) describes organic materialsessential or making better OFETs. The article is accompanied by a selection o p-typeand n-type semiconductors as well as polymer dielectrics available rom Sigma-Aldrich.Scientists rom TDA Research, Inc. describe novel intrinsically conductive polymers andn-type semiconductors that are now available rom Sigma-Aldrich and could enhanceperormance o many plastic electronic devices. Researchers rom the University oGroningen (Netherlands) write about methanoullerenes, a class o compounds widelyused as n-type semiconductors in organic PVs. Sigma-Aldrich is pleased to oer anentire library o soluble n-type methanoullerene semiconductors that will help youexplore materials and processing parameters toward improved device perormance.Eugene Polikarpov and Proessor Mark Thompson (USC) discuss strategies orimproving the eiciency o small molecule OLEDs. The article is accompanied by a listo Sigma-Aldrich OLED materials classiied by device unction. Finally, Proessor QibingPei (UCLA) writes about the chemistry o light-emitting polymers (LEPs). Sigma-Aldrichoers many chemical amilies o LEPs, as well as monomers and reagents essential ormaking new LEP molecules.Commencing with this issue, we are pleased to introduce a new “Your MaterialsMatter” eature (page 3) to
Material Matters
. Our goal at Sigma-Aldrich MaterialsScience is to provide innovative materials that meet your needs. Tell us what materialswill accelerate your research, and we will careully consider adding them to ourportolio o products. We hope that the articles and Sigma-Aldrich products eatured inthis issue will help you in your work. Please contact the Sigma-Aldrich Materials ScienceTeam at
i you need a material that you cannot ind in our catalog.Ilya Koltover, Ph.D.Materials ScienceSigma-Aldrich Corporation
   I  n   t  r  o   d  u  c   t   i  o  n
For questions, product data, or new product suggestions,please contact the Materials Science team at matsci@sial.com.
 s i     gm a- al    d i    c . c  om
Materials or Organic Electronics Featured in This Issue
Materials CategoryContentPageAlso See Page
p-Type Semiconductorsp-type small molecules, oligomers and polymers710, 20, 24n-Type Semiconductorsn-type molecules and polymers814, 20Dielectric MaterialsPolymers and cross-linking agents or dielectric layers9Conducting Thin Film MaterialsInherently conducting materials or deposition o thinilms and hole-injection layers15Materials or Organic Photovoltaicsn-type (PCBMs) and p-type (PPV, P3HT) materials or OPVs202, 7–8, 29OLED MaterialsHole transport, electron transport, host, andemitter/dopant materials.242515, 31Light-Emitting PolymersPPV, CN-PPV, PFO, and water-soluble LEPs29307, 20Substrates and ElectrodesITO substrates, high-purity metals319
I  n t  o d  u c  t i   on
“Your Materials Matter.”
Isotropic Organic Semiconductor or OPVs and OLEDs.
Do you have a compound that you wish Sigma-Aldrich could list to help materials research? If it is needed to accelerate your research,it matters—please send your suggestion to matsci@sial.com and we will be happy to give it careful consideration.
Joe Porwoll, PresidentAldrich Chemical Co., Inc.
thienyl)phenyl]amine, (TDCV-TPA)
Proessor Jean Roncali o the Université d’Angerskindly suggested that we make Tris[4-(5-dicyanomethylidenemethyl-2-thienyl)phenyl]amine(TDCV-TPA)—a new isotropic organic semiconductoror OPVs and OLEDs. TDCV-TPA
is soluble in a largevariety o organic solvents and can be used or theabrication o heterojunction solar cells with high open-circuit voltage (1.15 V), eiciency close to 2% andlonger ambient condition lietimes than cells based onpoly(alkylthiophenes). The compound absorbs at 509 nm(in CH
solution) and 538 nm as thin ilm. It can beused as high spectral purity luminophore in LEDs, emittingred light at 658 nm.
(1) Roquet, S.; Cravino, A.; Leriche, P.; Alévêque, O.; Frère, P.; Roncali.,J.,
 J. Am. Chem. Soc.
, 3459. (2) Cravino, A.; Leriche, P.;Alévêque, O.; Roncali. J.,
 Adv. Mater.
, 3033.

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